Previous Events 2008
Achieving Educational Reform in Schools without (Much) Rancor
Thursday 11 December 2008
The IPS with the School of Government, and in association with the Australia New Zealand School of Government, was pleased to host Ben Levin, Professer at the University of Toronto and Former Deputy Minister of Education who presented a seminar on Achieving Educational Reform in Schools without (Much) Rancor.
Dr Levin is a Professor and Canada Research Chair in Education Leadership and Policy. He has just completed two and a half years as Deputy Minister of Education for the Province of Ontario. He is a native of the City of Winnipeg who holds a BA (Honours) from the University of Manitoba, an Ed M from Harvard University and a PhD from OISE.
Ben's career in education extends over many years, starting with his efforts while in high school to organize a city-wide high school students' union and his election as a school trustee in Seven Oaks School Division at the age of 19. Since then, he has worked with private research organizations, school divisions, provincial governments, and national international agencies, as well as building an academic and research career, all in connection with education. He has held leadership positions in a wide variety of organizations in the public and non-profit sectors.
From 1999 until September 2002, he was deputy Minister of Advanced Education and Deputy Minister of Education, Training and Youth for Manitoba, with responsibility for public policy in all areas of education and training. Dr Levin is widely known for his work in educational reform, educational change, educational policy and politics. His work has been international in scope. His writings examine broad areas of education policy.
New Zealand Economic and Social Policy in the Face of the Global Crisis
Saturday 22 November
The Institute of Policy studies presented a well-attended Saturday forum on New Zealand Economic and Social Policy in the Face of the Global Crisis. The programme, organized by Geoff Bertram, opened with papers on banking and financial issues, including New Zealand’s high level of net international liabilities, and proceeded to a macro-economic discussion, including inflation targeting. Brian Easton compared and contrasted the current situation with earlier financial and economic crises. In the afternoon sessions speakers discussed social policy, focusing on the principles and priorities that should guide policy in times of mounting social distress. The day concluded with a forward look at structural issues.
The magnitude and likely course of the current crisis is quite uncertain, as are the responses of the real economy to rapidly minted policy responses in the world’s major economies and in New Zealand. In turbulent times policy makers must make judgement calls at short notice. Hopefully the wider community can assist the process by ongoing commentary and analysis. The Institute plans to publish a selection of the papers in Policy Quarterly.
The following topics were presented:
- The Banks, the Current Account, the Financial Crisis and the Outlook, Geoff Bertram
- Overseas Indebtedness, Country Risk, and Interest Rates, Dennis Rose
- Consequences of Inflation Targeting in a Small Open Economy: New Zealand’s Monetary
- Policy, the Exchange Rate and the Structure of the Economy, Ganesh Nana and Kel Sanderson
- This Time It’s the Same?, Brian Easton
- Economic Recessions, Cold Climates and Social Policy, Bob Stephens
- Some Principles and Priorities for Social Policy in the Recession, Michael Fletcher
- The Evolving Structure of the New Zealand Economy, John Yeabsley
Climate Change and Security: Planning for the Future
Friday 14 November
The Department of Politics at the University of Otago and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies hosted this one day symposium in association with the Climate Change Research Institute and the Centre for Strategic Studies, both at Victoria University of Wellington.
The available evidence suggests that rapid climate change increases the risk of societal upheaval and coinflict. Are we ready to deal with these challenges? These and related questions were discussed at the symposium.
A substantial background paper for the symposium has been prepared by Ewan Sinclair. This is now available as an IPS Working Paper - IPS W/P 08/11: The Changing Climate of New Zealand's Security: Risk and Resilience in a Climate Affected Security Environment
Download the presentation slides here:
- Jon Barnett - Climate Change and Human Security in the Pacific Islands
- Marc Levy - Climate variability and conflict: the importance of early warning
- Graeme Pearman - Climate Change and Security, Why this is on the agenda and should be
- Jim Rolfe - Climate Change and Security -The Defence Component
Post 2012 Climate Change Issues Roundtable Series for 2008
In 2007 the roundtable series focused on the following topic: The Post-2012 Global Policy Framework for Climate Change: Issues, Options and Implications for New Zealand. For a variety of reasons, departmental Chief Executives have agreed to fund a second year of IPS-led activities on post-2012 issues. The roundtable series in 2008 has two primary aims. First, it is designed to provide an opportunity for key stakeholders, including business, non-governmental organizations, research institutions and the public sector, to consider some of the critical issues surrounding the global policy architecture for addressing climate change after the expiry of the first commitment period (CP1) under the Kyoto Protocol. Second, it is envisaged that the ideas discussed during the series will help inform the New Zealand government’s negotiating position in forthcoming UN negotiations.
Issues that are likely to be addressed during 2008 include:
- What is the post-2012 global policy framework for climate change likely to look like? What are the prospects of a multilateral deal on a second commitment period (whether under the Kyoto Protocol or another Protocol) being negotiated, and if a new deal is struck over the next few years, what form is it likely to take?
- What are the likely implications for NZ of a post-2012 multilateral deal? For instance, what kind of ‘responsibility’ target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions might NZ be expected to take on? What implications might there be for specific sectors (e.g. agriculture and forestry) and particular industries (e.g. aluminum, steel and cement)?
- And what are the implications for NZ if there is no new multilateral deal, including no agreement to extend the first commitment period? If there is a post-2012 multilateral agreement on climate change (including a second commitment period), what does NZ want such an agreement to include (and not include) and how can NZ influence the world community to embrace its preferences
Tuesday 8 April: Key post-2012 issues for New Zealand, including the UNFCCC negotiating timetable, LULUCF issues, global warming potentials, and emissions trading (including linkage issues)
- Prof Martin Manning - Global Warming Potentials
- Hayden Montogomery - LULUCF in a post-2012 framework: Outcomes from Bangkok climate change talks and the year ahead
Tuesday 29 April: Sector-based approaches, including bunker fuels
- Michael L. Rynne - A Global Sectoral Approach: First Steps for the Cement Sector, early results from the Global GNR Project
- Murray Ward - Sectoral Approach(es): Ideas and "agendas"
- Kathey Perreau - International Aviation and Maritime Transport Fuels
Thursday 7 August: Key Economic Issues, including New Zealand's mitigation potential and ocsts, trade policy issues, etc
- Professor Martin Manning - Climate change: Targets, Timetables, Equity
- Simon Terry - Agricultural Resource Efficiency: Unrealized Wealth from Unregonised Potential
- John Stephenson - Abatement Costs: An International Trade and Macroeconomic Perspective
- John Scott - International Agreements
Thursday 13 November:Climate Change and Food Security Issues
- Dr Sean Weaver (Principal, Carbon Partnership Ltd., Senior Associate IPS and, until recently, Senior Lecturer, Environmental Studies, VUW) - Climate Change and Food Security
- Dr Helal Ahammad (General Manager, Climate Change and Environment Branch, ABARE, Canberra) - Climate Change & Food Production
- Dr Jim Salinger (NIWA, and President of the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology, World Meteorological Organization) - Climate Change - changing agriculture & fisheries
- James Palmer (Director of Strategy, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) - The impact of climate change policies (internationally and locally) on global and local food production, and related policy issues
- Con Williams (Senior economist, Meat and Wool NZ) - Food Security & Climate Change Policies
Creating a More Sustainable Urban New Zealand -Lessons from Hammarby Sjostad and Eco-Viikki
11 November 2008
Eco-districts, eco-towns, low carbon developments and zero carbon housing are concepts that are moving from out of the policy agendas and drawing boards and into the light of day in some European countries. In England there is much debate about the proposed eco- towns - a policy response to climate change, the need for more sustainable living and increased housing supply. In Scandinavia, eco- districts are already under development and being 'tried out' by their first residents. Two exemplary Scandinavian eco-districts - Hammarby Sjostad (on a large brownfield site in Stockholm) and Viikki (on a greenfield site in Helsinki) - provide contrasting ways forward for urban New Zealand.
Tricia Austin has a long involvement with the development of policies, strategies and plans for increasing the supply of affordable housing in NZ. She was on Study Leave in Stockholm, Helsinki and England earlier this year.
Her seminar presentation for the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and School of Government on 11 November is available here Creating a More Sustainable Urban New Zealand: Lessons from Hammarby Sjostad and Eco-Viikki
Election 2008 - Lunchtime Series
13 October, 20 October, 3 November and 10 November
With 2008 being an election year in New Zealand, the IPS hosted a special series of lunchtime lectures during October and early November on Election 2008.
Monday 13th October: Professor Pat Walsh - Tertiary Education Funding – with an Election in Mind
Monday 20th October: Kim Workman, Commentator: Professor Chris Marshall - Politics and Punitivenes – Overcoming the Criminal Justice Dilemma
Monday 3rd November: Derek Gill, Commentators: Ross Tanner and Brenda Pilott - The State of the State, Co-sponsored by IPANZ
Monday 10th November: Professor Nigel Roberts, Commentator: Professor Jonathan Boston - Assessing the Results
Download the papers here:
Spring 2008 Lecture Series, New Zealand: Future Maker or Future Taker?
2 Sept, 9 Sept, 16 Sept, 23 Sept, 30 Sept, 7 Oct and 14 Oct 2008
New Zealand has both the legacy of a developed country with the associated infrastructure, and the reality of being a small player, with a limited resource base. There is a risk that, rather than being ‘future maker’, New Zealand will be consigned to being a ‘future-taker’ and thus constrained to paths that it would not have consciously chosen.
This lecture series casted new light on the opportunities, challenges and big questions facing New Zealand over the next 20 years. We assembled a distinguished line-up of speakers and commentators who discussed the prospects facing New Zealand in key policy areas.
This lecture series celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Institute of Policy Studies. At the final session, the FutureMakers project – a partnership of the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Secondary Futures and Landcare Research – was launched.
Download the lectures and papers here:
2 September: Professor Gary Hawke – “Aligning education with our contemporary society and economy”, Commentator: Howard Fancy, Chair: Sir Frank Holmes, Refreshments provided at the conclusion. Download the lecture here.
9 September: Colin James – “Take me to your leader: the constitution in 2033” Commentator: Hon Shane Jones, Chair: Dr Matthew Palmer. Download the lecture here.
23 September: Professor Claudia Scott – “Enhancing Quality and Capability in the Public Sector Advisory System”, Commentator: Iain Rennie, Chair: Dr Jackie Cumming. Download the paper here and the slides here.
30 September: Professor Martin Manning – “Climate Change: What’s the Problem?”, Commentator: Rt Hon Simon Upton, Chair: Professor Jonathan Boston. Download the slides here.
7 October: Dr Andrew Ladley – “No state is an island - New Zealand and the South Pacific”, Commentator: Assoc Professor, Tagaloa Peggy Fairbairn-Dunlop, Dr. Peter Adams, Chair: Simon Murdoch. Details on the publication discussed and launched at this occasion can be found here. Download Associate Professor, Peggy Fairbairn-Dunlop’s response here.
14 October: Professor Mason Durie – “New Zealand in 2030: Future Maker or Future taker? Insights and questions from the FutureMakers project ”, Commentator: Roger Dennis, Chair: Derek Gill, Refreshments provided at the conclusion. Download the summary here. For details on the FutureMakers project and to join the discussion please go to http://futuremakers.ning.com/.
2008 Tertiary Education Management Conference, Christchurch
29 September - 1 October
Professor Jonathan Boston gave one of the keynote addresses at the 2008 Tertiary Education Management Conference (TEMC) in Christchurch on Monday 29 September. The conference was attended by well over 600 tertiary managers from Australian and New Zealand institutions, along with delegates from a number of other jurisdictions. The theme of Professor Boston's talk was 'The Challenge of Climate Change: Responsibilities of Tertiary Institutions'. He noted that while many tertiary institutions in Australia and New Zealand have developed environmental strategies in recent years covering such areas as building design, waste management, energy conservation and water management, very few have set specific targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and thus far it appears that only Melbourne University is committed to achieving zero carbon emissions (by 2030). Victoria University of Wellington has recently considered the option of carbon neutrality, but has thus far rejected this goal -- partly due to the likely cost (estimated at around $130K - $250K per annum). Professor Boston's slides are available here.
Forum on Measuring Research
Performance: What are the Options?
18 September 2008
Measuring research performance is inherently difficult. The Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF) in New Zealand is one of a number of approaches used internationally for evaluating the quality of research and then allocating public funding on the basis of the assessed quality.
A distinguishing feature of the PBRF is the incorporation of both peer review and two quantitative measures of performance – research degree completions and external research income. The aim of this ‘mixed model’ was to secure a balanced picture and avoid some of the obvious pitfalls associated with schemes that rely exclusively on either peer review or quantitative measures.
But it is important to be alert to possibilities and options for enhancing the mix of measures in the PBRF. Among suggestions have been proposals to rely to a greater extent on quantitative measures of research performance, including the use of citations and other bibliometric indicators.
This forthcoming forum Measuring research performance – what are the options? will provide an opportunity to consider some of the wider options for assessing the research performance of New Zealand’s tertiary education organizations, including a greater reliance on metrics of various kinds. The aim is not to come up with a different model for assessing research quality in 2012. Rather, the purpose is to explore and critically assess the policy proposals under discussion elsewhere, and consider whether any of these (and related options) might be applicable in the New Zealand context and hence worthy of further analysis and debate, including possible implementation post-2012.
Download the presentations here:
- Jonathan Boston - Enhancing the PDRF
- Sue Suckling - Removal of the Current PBRF Disincentive to the Commercialisation of Research
- Jonathan Adams - The Future of the British RAE: the REF (Research Excellence Framework)
- Warren Smart - The PBRF and bibliometric measures
- Lesley Campbell - “Measuring Research Performance: What are the Options”?
25th Anniversary of the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and 2008 Spring Lecture Series
On Tuesday 2 September, the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies marked its 25th anniversary with the launch of the 2008 Spring Lecture Series. The first lecture was given by Emeritus Professor Gary Hawke, a former Director of the IPS and former head of the School of Government. The theme of his lecture was "Aligning education with our contemporary society and economy". Howard Fancy, a former Secretary of Education, was the commentator, and Sir Frank Holmes chaired the session. The lecture was attended by more than 120 people, many with long-standing connections to the IPS. The opening remarks by Professor Jonathan Boston, the new Director of the IPS, are attached, as is the speech by Professor Hawke.
- Opening remarks by Professor Jonathan Boston
- Speech by Professor Gary Hawke – “Aligning education with our contemporary society and economy”
- Colin James – “Take me to your leader: the constitution in 2033”
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington organised this event in conjunction with the New Zealand Centre for Public Law, Victoria University of Wellington
New Zealand's political and constitutional system is notable for its adoption of the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting. This year marks 15 years since the public referendum adopting this form of proportional representation, with the country facing its fifth general election under MMP. The shift to MMP "represents the greatest change to the New Zealand constitution" in recent years. The 15th anniversary of the referendum on MMP provides an opportunity to undertake a constitutional stock-take – to review the effect of MMP on the constitutional fabric of the country. The anniversary also provides the opportunity to look forward – to assess the likely constitutional challenges that MMP presents in the next 15 years. A similar voting system has been adopted in the National Assembly for Wales and Scottish Parliament, with continuing calls for a form of proportional representation to also be adopted for the British Parliament. The lessons learned – and challenges faced – by New Zealand with its system of proportional representation will therefore be of particular interest to the United Kingdom audience. The symposium will be video-cast between London and Wellington, with speakers and panellists from both centres contributing to the evaluation of the effect of proportional representation on the Westminster form of government. Constitutional and political experts from New Zealand will reflect on the effect on the parliamentary process, political parties, and the operation of the Executive, with United Kingdom and European experts providing comparative perspectives on proportional representation. Speakers will also explore future political and constitutional challenges – both in New Zealand and other jurisdictions – presented by MMP and proportional representation generally.
Papers and presentations are available online: http://www.victoria.ac.nz/NZCPL/events/e1008.aspx
Donwload paper presented by Prof Philip A Joseph here.
Donwload paper presented by Stephen Levine and Nigel S. Roberts here.
Emission Trading and the Architecture of Domestic Climate Change Policy
Friday 22 August
On the 22nd of August, The School of Government in along side the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Embassy of the United States of America hosted a seminar Emission Trading and the Architecture of Domestic Climate Policy by Professor Michael Hanemann.
Michael Hanemann, an economist, is a Chancellor’s Professor of Environmental Economics and Policy in the Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics and the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California at Berkeley. His fields of interest are environmental economics and policy, water economics and policy, and climate change economics and policy. He is recognized as one of the world’s leading experts on nonmarket valuation (the valuation in monetary terms of items such as environmental protection, health, cultural monuments etc) and on the economics of water. He has directed the California Climate Change Center at UC Berkeley, which was established in 2003 to analyze policy issues relating to impacts of climate change on California, including those on water, agriculture; energy, human health, coastal resources and natural ecosystems, and economic policies for reducing carbon emissions in California. He codirected the 2006 Climate Change Scenarios Project for the state of California. Professor Hanemann has a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from Oxford University, an M.Sc (Econ) in Economics from the London School of Economics, and a Ph.D in Economics from Harvard University.
Download seminar presentation here.
More research documents by Professor Hanemann:
- California's New Climate Change Policy
- Of babies and bathwater: why the clean air act's cooperative federalism
- framework is useful for addressing global warming
- The Economics of Climate Change Reconsidered
- What is the economic cost of climate change?
Concluding Sigrid Rausing Fellowship Public Lecture - ‘Capturing’ the judiciary in Zimbabwe – how it was done and how it might be undone
Wednesday 20 August 2008
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the New Zealand Centre for Public Law, Victoria University of Wellington was very pleased to host the Concluding Sigrid Rausing Fellowship Public Lecture ‘Capturing’ the judiciary in Zimbabwe – how it was done and how it might be undone by the Sigrid Rausing Visiting Fellow Benjamin Paradza at 5.30pm on Wednesday 20 August at Rutherford House.
The lecture was timely, as together with much of the senior levels of the public sector in Zimbabwe, a nervous judiciary is watching the current talks taking place about some sort of power-sharing or transition. They fear exposure. This lecture detailed the mechanisms by which the judiciary was initially threatened such that many judges resigned or left in fear, and others were then ‘captured’ by combinations of gifts (farms, mostly) and threats. Understanding these processes is crucial to future steps to rebuild a semblance of confidence in the independence of the judicial branch of the constitutional system. Dr Andrew Ladley, former Director of the IPS, opened the event on behalf of the Dean of Law Tony Smith, the Head of the School of Government Terry Stokes and IPS Acting Director Jonathan Boston. Justice Lowell Goddard chaired the event. Dr David Collins, the Solicitor General, closed the lecture with some reflective comments, having chaired the first lecture in 2007.
Benjamin Paradza is a refugee in New Zealand. In 2006 he fled from his position as a High Court Judge in Zimbabwe in fear of his life and safety. He had been subjected to charges and a trial criticised internationally as being trumped up to remove him from office. He held the Sigrid Rausing Visiting Fellowship at Victoria University for two years from June 2006-June 2008.
This lecture honoured Sigrid Rausing, a London-based Swedish philanthropist who supports defenders of human rights persecuted for their work and who provided the funding for this Fellowship.
Guest Lecture Series
4 August, 11 August, 18 August and 20 August 2008
Co-hosted by the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Treasury
As part of its ongoing work on social mobility, the Treasury, in conjunction with the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies at Victoria University, is hosting a series of guest lectures. This is an opportunity to hear leading academics from a wide range of disciplines give their perspectives on social mobility issues in New Zealand. A full list of dates, times, topics and presenters is available here.
Post-2012 Burden Sharing Symposium
Tuesday 29 July
Post-2012 Burden Sharing Symposium: How should the costs of mitigating and adapting to climate change be shared by the international community?
Jointly hosted by the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Climate Change
Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington, and the National
Centre for Research on Europe, University of Canterbury
Further details can be found at http://www.eucnetwork.org.nz/activities/seminars/indexbss.htm
Download slides from symposium here:
- Dr Malte Meinshausen, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research: Principles, Models and Options for Burden Sharing
- Paule Stephenson, Visiting Fellow, Institute for Governance and Policy Studies: Effort Sharing: Lessons from Europe
- Professor Jonathan Boston, Institute for Governance and Policy Studies: Comparable Effort: a Brief Note
- HE Bruno Julien, Ambassador and Head of Delegation of the European Commission to Australia and New Zealand: An EU Perspective on International Burden Sharing Post-2012
- Dr Frank Jotzo, Australian National University: Towards Agreement on Emission Limits: Perspectives from the Garnaut Review in Australia
- Dr Graham Sem, Consultant and IPCC Convening Lead Author: A Pacific Perspective on Burden Sharing
- Dr Lavanya Rajamani, The Centre for Policy Research, New Dehli: An Indian Perspective on Burden Sharing
Towards a New International Agreement on Climate Change:
From Bali to Copenhagen Seminar
Monday 28 July
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the School of Government
invite you to a seminar Towards a New International Agreement on Climate
Change: From Bali to Copenhagen
Professor Lavanya Rajamani
Lavanya Rajamani is an Associate Professor at the Centre for Policy Research in New Delhi. She is an international lawyer specializing in environmental law and policy. She was previously University Lecturer in Environmental Law and Fellow and Director of Studies in Law at Queens' College, Cambridge, and before that Junior Research Fellow at Worcester College, Oxford. She has a B.C.L and D.Phil from Oxford where she held a Rhodes scholarship, an LL.M from Yale, and a B.A, LL.B (Hons) from the National Law School of India University. She has authored a Monograph on Differential Treatment in International Environmental Law (OUP, Clarendon Press, 2006) and numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals including the Yearbook of International Environmental Law and the Journal of Environmental Law. In her current research she explores ways of further integrating developing countries into international environmental regimes, in particular the climate change regime, and studies national laws and policies in select developing countries (Brazil, China and India) implementing international climate change law. She works as a consultant to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat, and has worked with the UNDP, the World Bank, the Alliance of Small Island States, and the International Institute of Sustainable Development.
Please download the presentation from Dr Lavanya Rajamani here.
Energy, Transport and Sustainability Symposium
Thursday 26 and Friday 27 June 2008
Energy, Transport and Sustainability: Discovering Pathways to 2040 was a two-day symposium showcasing New Zealand energy transport research and facilitating discussion on research and policy priorities. It was be held at Rutherford House in Wellington on June 26 and 27 2008.
New Zealand faces serious challenges in moving to a sustainable transport system. Significant changes will be needed in fuel sources, transport networks, vehicle types, behaviours, expectations, institutional and market structures, policy settings, freight logistics, energy networks, urban form and information systems.
Research and innovation will be key drivers of these changes. Much will depend on research that develops solutions to NZ’s unique mix of circumstance. There is an urgent need for accurate science and technology information to inform transport energy decisions at all levels. There is also an urgent need for the research and policy communities to engage in the critical debates that ensure policy directions are supported by the best available science
Opportunities for transport energy researchers to come together to talk about their research are rare. So, too, are opportunities for the research and policy communities to discuss mutual interests. Energy, Transport and Sustainability: Discovering Pathways to 2040 is a vital opportunity to engage with and build a robust transport energy research environment with strong, effective links to the policy community.
This symposium was made possible through collaboration between NERI and the Institute of Policy Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, with sponsorship from the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Economic Development, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority and Land Transport New Zealand.
Download slides from symposium here:
- Alan McKinnon: Logistics and Location: Decoupling Freight and CO2
- Jonathan Boston: Energy, Transport and Sustainability: Discovering Pathways to 2040
- Ralph Chapman: comments on Day 1 outcomes
- Judi Jones: Interaction of policy and research - a view from both sides
- Roland Sapsford: The what and the why of today
- Reid Ewing: Growing Cooler;The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change
- David Crawford: The Policy Setting
- Plenary report
Apologies and perceptions
of forgiveness in restorative
justice conferences for young offenders seminar
Monday 23 June
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies hosted a seminar entitled Apologies and perceptions of forgiveness in restorative justice conferences for young offenders presented by Dr Hennessey Hayes, Griffith University on Monday 23 June at the Railway West Wing.
Restorative justice conferencing for young offenders is now firmly established in Australian juvenile justice and has been subject to a substantial amount of empirical scrutiny. Results from research are largely consistent and show that young offenders generally are satisfied with conferencing processes and regard them as procedurally fair. There also is evidence to suggest that conferences have the potential to reduce further offending.
Some advocates highlight the importance of the apology-forgiveness sequence in restorative justice conferences for achieving these successful outcomes. Indeed, this has been described as “the core sequence” (Retzinger and Scheff 1996). In this paper I assess the veracity of this claim. During 2005 I observed several (n=50) restorative justice conferences in Southeast Queensland (Australia), as well as conducted in-depth interviews with young offenders following their conference.
Observational data show that forgiveness occurred in a surprising minority of conference encounters. However, analyses of the narrative data suggest that a substantial proportion of young offenders perceived forgiveness from their victims. While victims often were reluctant to offer forgiveness (e.g., in the form of spoken words or gestures), many did overtly accept apologies. Accepting an apology likely is not the same as forgiveness for victims. Nonetheless, having an apology accepted often was perceived by young offenders as forgiveness and remained important for young offenders in achieving a restorative outcome.
Dr Hayes is a Senior Lecturer at Griffith School of Criminology and Criminal Justice in Queensland. He has been researching and writing in the areas of restorative justice, youthful offending and recidivism for nearly a decade. His current work includes a major qualitative study of young offenders in youth justice conferences with a focus on what young people understand about restorative justice processes and how such knowledge relates to future behaviour.
Hennessey Hayes (2006) 'Apologies and Accounts in Youth Justice Conferencing: Reinterpreting Research Outcomes' Contemporary Justice Review 9(4), pp. 369–385
Lunchtime Panel Discussion - How Do We Decarbonize the
Thursday 5 June 2008
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Climate Change Research Institute at the School of Government of Victoria University hosted a lunchtime panel discussion as part of the World Environment Day programme. It was held on Thursday 5 June at Rutherford House. Speakers include Dr Rajendra Pachauri, Achim Steiner, the Hon David Parkerand President Anote Tong of Kiribati. The discussion will the chaired by Chris Laidlaw.
For further information, please read the report by Paule Stephenson and Jonathan Boston.
World Environment Day
Business Symposium - Towards a Low-Carbon
Economy: Business Opportunities and Innovative Solutions
Wednesday 4 June 2008.
This symposium, hosted by the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Climate Change Research Centre, Victoria University of Wellington and funded by the Ministry for the Environment, is one of many events that were hosted by New Zealand on behalf of the United Nations’ World Environment Day programme. It was held on Wednesday 4 June at the main hall of the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron in Westhaven Auckland. the Prime Minister, Rt Hon Helen Clark, is to opened the symposium which also featured Dr Rajendra Pachauri, Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and leading business figures and government advisors who examined the challenges the opportunities and some of the solutions being developed in New Zealand and world-wide to answer the questions posed to business by climate change. These were panelists and speakers at the sharp end of mitigating climate change, managing its affects on their businesses and identifying the opportunities that may arise through new technology or their own management of the issues. Among those leading the discussions over two sessions were Fonterra Chief Executive Andrew Ferrier, Contact Energy CEO David Baldwin and Secretary to the Treasury, John Whitehead. The audience was also treated to a special appearance by Arnold Schwarzenegger, the Governor of California, via video link.
For more detail on this event, please read the report by Paule Stephenson and Jonathan Boston
Links and downloads
Helen Clark's opening address
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's address
John Whitehead's speech
Photos are displayed with the permission of the NZBCSD/NZ Herald
Victoria University of Wellington has given political journalist Colin James an honorary doctorate in literature at the May 16 graduation ceremony, for his "'major contribution to the public's understanding of New Zealand politics and business, based on a profound knowledge of the country's political, social and economic history."
For Colin's graduation address, please click here
Seminar on Executive Power and the Head of State
Current Arrangements and Some Republican Alternative
Friday 16 May
The School of Government and Institute for Governance and Policy Studies was pleased to host the seminar entitled Executive Power and the Head of State Current Arrangements and Some Republican Alternatives presented by Dennis Rose and held in the boardroom of Rutherford House on Friday 16 May. Despite suggestions that New Zealand should become a republic there has been little public discussion about what, if any, shifts in institutional powers might accompany patriation of the New Zealand head of state. Dennis Rose, a research economist with long-standing interests in civil liberties, constitutional issues and democratic process, and currently an associate at the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, contrasted the role and powers of the head of state under current arrangements with some republican alternatives. These include; appointed and elective presidencies; semi-presidential systems in which the president shares executive power, and fully presidential systems along American lines.
Dennis' paper Executive Power and the Head of State: Issues arising from proposals to establish a republic is available to download here
IPS Acting Director Jonathan Boston spoke at the Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation (ISCR) on climate change issues- Tuesday 15 April 2008
Should New Zealand Fight Climate Change? Boston and Meade Debate the Issues
New Zealand is about to implement the world’s first “all sectors, all gases” emissions trading scheme, yet the country emits only 0.2% of the world’s total greenhouse gas emissions, and not all the impacts of climate change on New Zealand are predicted to be negative. On the other hand, New Zealand’s export and tourism sectors face threats from growing consumer concerns over “food miles” and “air miles”, and international pressure is needed to ensure that major emitters do something before countries vulnerable to climate change further suffer its effects. Is New Zealand’s response to climate change warranted, inadequate, excessive or counter-productive? Jonathan Boston of the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, and Richard Meade of the New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation put New Zealand’s response to climate change to the test at very popular lunch time debate held at Rutherford House on Tuesday 15 April 2008.
Should New Zealand Fight Climate Change? Download Jonathan's speech here.
Book review of the IPS publication Restorative Justice and Practices in New Zealand: Towards a Restorative Society
Please click here to read the following review on the IPS publication Restorative Justice and Practices in New Zealand: Towards a Restorative Society edited by Gabriel Maxwell and James Liu from Andrew Wright at the Prison International Fellowship.
Jonathan Boston's presentation to Salvation Army
Conference Just Action 08
Thursday 3 April
Please click here to view Jonathan Boston's presentation entitled "Climate Change and Christian Responsibility" which he gave via video link to the Salvation Army's Just Action 08 conference held in Dunedin over Wednesday 2 and Thursday 3 April.
Evolution of Restorative Justice
Practices in Hawai‘I Seminar
Wednesday 2 April
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies hosted a seminar on the Evolution of Restorative Justice Practices in Hawai'I from Lorenn Walker. This was held on Wednesday 2 April at Old Government Buildings (Law School).
Lorenn discussed how restorative practices have evolved in Hawai’i where native Hawaiians have long used ho‘oponopono to deal with interpersonal conflict. She has designed, implemented and evaluated restorative programs in varying contexts including the Honolulu Police Department, public housing communities, individuals harmed by crime without an identified perpetrator, foster and homeless youth, elementary, secondary schools and colleges, criminal court, and currently minimum and medium security prisons. The principal approach for prisons uses Restorative Circles and a facilitator training for incarcerated people.
Restorative Circles are conducted using solution-focused
brief therapy, a strength-based language skills approach similar to
motivational interviewing except it is less dependent on experts. The
Circles are for incarcerated and paroled individuals and includes their
loves ones, rather than unrelated/formal victims. The Circles do address
how things might be repaired for everyone harmed. A Modified Restorative
Circle process for people whose family members and friends are unable
or unwilling to attend has also been developed. In these meetings, other
incarcerated people instead of loved ones participate as supporters.
Lorenn Walker, JD, MPH, is a public health educator with extensive legal and social service experience. She is an adjunct faculty member with the University of Hawai‘i.
Jonathan Boston's presentation at the Lexis Nexis
Legal Symposium on the Environment and Climate Change
Wednesday 2 April
Please click here to view Jonathan Boston's presentation entitled "Beyond 2012: Towards a New Global Climate Treaty and the Implications for New Zealand". This presentation was given at the Lexis Nexis Environmental and Climate Change Legal Symposium: Comprehensive analyses of the implications of climate change on the law, held at the Copthorn Hotel in Wellington over Wednesday 2 and Thursday 3 April.
Updated information from the Seminar on Changing the Future for Deprived Communities
Housing is a key element in our efforts to improve social outcomes for deprived communities. Experience has shown, however, that unless combined with other wider social and economic initiatives, housing improvements do not lead to sustained social change. This symposium on Changing the Future for Deprived Communities was held on 26 October 2007 sought to identify ways in which the government, business and community sectors can work together to achieve lasting improvements for deprived communities. The symposium was jointly organised by Housing New Zealand Corporation, the Ministry of Social Development and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies. Leaders from various sectors were invited to share their knowledge and experience, and identify new ideas and possible policy initiatives. This symposium informed work being led by Housing New Zealand Corporation and the Ministry of Social Development, including work on community renewal, the development of mixed communities such as Hobsonville and Tamaki, and work with third sector organisations.
The session began with an address by Lesley McTurk, Chief Executive of Housing New Zealand Corporation, to provide some contextual information. This was followed by a short address by Kay Saville-Smith, Research Director at The Centre for Research Evaluation and Social Assessment (CRESA). The discussion, was facilitated by Colin James, and was then opened up to the wider group.
A thematic summary by Colin James is available to download here
Blair Braddock's (Housing New Zealand) presentation is available to download here
Workforce Ageing – An Issue for Employers Stage 1 and 2 Report (January 2008)
IPS Senior Associate Judith Davey and the New Zealand Institute of Management are conducting research which aims to explore the attitudes of employers to ageing workforce issues and to find out what actions and adjustments are already being made to meet the challenges. The project is being managed by Dr Judith Davey - Institute for Policy Studies, David Chapman – New Zealand Institute of Management and Boyd Klap FNZIM and supported by the Retirement Commission, Public Trust and the Bernie Knowles Rotary Trust. A report on stage 1 and 2 of the research is available for download here
Academic appointed to UN standby mediation team:
Thursday 6 March
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, in conjunction with Victoria University’s School of Government, today congratulated Dr Andrew Ladley on his appointment to the position of Senior Expert Mediator in the newly created Standby Team of mediation experts at the United Nations.
One of a six-person team of international experts, Dr Ladley will provide independent advice on constitutional and electoral matters to alleviate the risk of conflict. Other members of the team include experts in transitional justice, power sharing, military forces and wealth sharing.
Administered by the Norwegian Refugee Council, with the assistance of the Norwegian government, the team will be deployed by the UN for immediate service, wherever and whenever its services are required.
Head of the University’s School of Government, Professor Terry Stokes, says Dr Ladley’s appointment reflects his wealth of knowledge on conflict resolution, constitutions, state building, conflict resolution and peace building.
“These are areas in which Andrew taught, researched and practised at Victoria and particularly in the School of Government. This has been of great value for our students, and reflects the high esteem in which that work, and his expertise, is held by the international community and the New Zealand government.
“This appointment is also an example of the practical way the School of Government not only teaches and researches, but works with governments to assist or improve aspects of governance,” Professor Stokes says.
The team of experts begins work immediately for 12 months.
Dr Ladley recently completed a five-year term as Director of Victoria University’s Institute for Governance and Policy Studies. Prior to that, he was Chief of Staff and Coalition Manager in the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand. He joined the Faculty of Law at Victoria in 1987 and has served with the UN in Cambodia, East Timor and Jamaica. He has also worked for the Commonwealth in South Africa and Gambia, and with Amnesty International in Bosnia and Hercegovina.
When not called for duty, Dr Ladley will be based in Wellington at the School of Government.
Professor Jonathan Boston has been appointed as Acting Director of the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies.
The political neutrality of the state services: principles and issues
6 March 2008
IPANZ and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies at VUW jointly sponsored a second seminar to explore the convention of political neutrality in the state services which has recently been the subject of two employment-related investigations by the State Services Commission and considerable media scrutiny. This seminar was held on Thursday 6 March at Te Puni Kokiri.
As part of a series of professional development events, the overall theme for which was "the management of personal and professional interests in the State services", Mark rebble, the State Services Commissioner, gave an address on political neutrality in the state services. He explored the convention of political neutrality, the requirement for state servants to be impartial, and the importance of proactively demonstrating that impartiality.
A career public servant, Mark Prebble worked in a number of policy and managerial roles in the Treasury and the Department of Labour, before becoming the chief executive of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet in 1998. He was appointed State Services Commissioner in May 2004. He recently resigned and will leave office in June 2008.
Dr Prebble's address was followed by commentaries from two discussants: Dr Chris Eichbaum, Senior Lecturer in the School of Government, and Barrie Saunders, founder of Saunders Unsworth, a leading Wellington-based consultancy specialising in the management of public policy issues for its clients.
New Working Paper - International Environmental Agreements: Does Montreal Have Lessons for Kyoto? By Oscar Casswell-Laird
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) has been called ‘perhaps the most successful international agreement to date’. The Kyoto Protocol (1997) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992), by contrast, has been plagued by a number of criticisms since its negotiation. As a result, there has been speculation that some of the features that made the Montreal Protocol so successful may be applied to future climate change negotiations, in order to avoid some of the pitfalls of the Kyoto Protocol. This paper aims to assess to what degree that is possible, through an analysis of the histories and natures of the policy issues, and an assessment of the structural differences between the two protocols. Key differences include the treatment of developing country parties, encouragement of ratification and discouragement of free-riding, and the permanence of established emission reduction targets. The paper will then draw conclusions about what elements of the Montreal Protocol are relevant for consideration for future climate change agreements, which elements are not, and whether the similarities of the two issues has been overstated. In doing this it will consider how the Kyoto Protocol might be modified to better address the complex issue of climate change, which in some ways is substantially different to ozone depletion.
This working paper is available in the publications section here
Symposium - The Low-Carbon Society: Evolution or Revolution?
Thursday 28 February
New Zealand is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve sustainability and meet its international obligations. During our transition to a low-carbon economy, New Zealand businesses, communities and households will be required to make substantial changes to their investment and consumption behaviour. Energy for home and industrial use will get more expensive, modes and patterns of transport will change, and there will be flow-on increases in the cost of various goods and services.
While we can forecast where the various economic changes are most likely to occur and the general direction of these changes, their overall scope, scale and impacts are harder to predict. In particular, it is unclear what these changes will add up to over time. The government is interested in mitigating the impacts of these changes on the wellbeing of New Zealanders, and in particular the impacts on the most vulnerable groups in our society.
With this mind, the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies recently organised, in conjunction with the Ministry for the Environment and the Ministry of Social Development, a roundtable of approximately 20 leaders from the government, private, academic and NGO sectors to share their knowledge and experience, and contribute to policy in this area.
- The short issues paper sent to participants prior to the symposium
- Brain Easton's paper on Assessing the Social Impacts of the ETS
- Suzi Kerr's slides on The Likely Impacts of Climate Change Policy
- A thematical summary entitled The Low-carbon Society: Evolution or Revolution?
Book launch of Rebalancing the Constitution
by Dr Ryan Malone
Tuesday 12 February 2008
The latest Institute for Governance and Policy Studies book was launched on 12 February in the Grand Hall of Parliament in conjunction with the New Zealand Centre for Public Law. Rebalancing the Constitution: The Challenge of Government Law Making Under MMP is based on Ryan Malone’s PhD, completed through Victoria University’s Law School and awarded last year.
The book was launched by former Cabinet Minister Steve Maharey who will leave Parliament this year to take up the position of Massey University ViceChancellor. Maharey provided those at the launch with his own views of MMP, noting that it had achieved much that was expected of it. He told the guests that Rebalancing the Constitution is “an incredibly good read” particularly for an academic work. The book considers the impact of MMP on the relationship between the executive and legislative branches of government. To understand the extent of this change, it explores the difficulties that coalition and minority governments have in controlling government bills compared with single party governments under firstpastthepost. Various chapters address the legislative implications of the government formation process, interparty competition over policy, the growing independence of select committees, and the general slowing of the parliamentary legislative process. The book draws conclusions on New Zealand’s experiences with MMP and suggests some possible changes. The launch itself was an excellent evening. Over 150 guests attended, and included an array of ministers, MPs, Supreme and Court of Appeal judges, academics, public servants, lawyers, and media. The book is available through Bennetts Bookshop on Lambton Quay or through the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies.
This book is available to purchase online here
Seminar on the Bali Climate Change Conference from Dr Adrian Macey
Friday 8 February 2008
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies in the School of Government hosted this seminar presented by Dr Adrian Macey on The Bali Climate Change Conference: Outcomes and Implications on Friday 8 February at Rutherford House. Dr Adrian Macey is New Zealand’s Climate Change Ambassador, representing the country in climate change negotiations. He returned from Paris in 2006, where he was New Zealand’s Ambassador to France and the OECD. He was previously Director of Trade Negotiations Division at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and Ambassador to Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar.
During the first two weeks of December 2007, important United Nations climate change meetings were held in Bali, Indonesia. These included:
- the 13th Conference of the Parties (COP13) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
- the 3rd Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP3);
- the continuation of the 4th session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex 1 Paries under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG4); and
- the 27th sessions of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation and the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technological Advice.
The Bali Climate Change Conference concluded with a decision to launch a new, two-year negotiation on long term cooperative action under the UNFCCC. This new negotiation will run in parallel with the existing negotiation on further commitments after 2012 for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol. The negotiations over the next two years will shape the future global response to climate change.
Adrian's presentation is available to download here