Institute for Governance and Policy Studies

Previous Events 2007

John Prebble's Henry Lang Fellowship report on his project: Measures to Frustrate Tax Avoidance

Please visit the Henry Lang Fellowship page to read about John's work and download his report.


Extended discussion on comparative constitutional, public sector/service reform issues (UKUSA), and freedom of information developments with Robert Hazell and Alasdair Roberts
Friday 30 November.

The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the New Zealand Centre for Public Law hosted this extended discussion with invited guests Robert Hazell (Professor of Government and the Constitution at UCL and Director of the Constitution Unit within the School of Public Policy) and Alasdair Roberts (Professor of Public Administration in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University) in the Moot Room, Government Buildings from 10am - 2pm on Friday 30 November. Robert and Alasdair were in Wellington for the 5th International Conference of Information Commissioners, held in Parliament, 26 - 29 November 2007. Held under Chatham House Rule, the twenty odd participants discussed a number of issues, including: how freedom of information (FoI) processes fit into the broader constitutional system and interact with other processes including judicial review; the relationship between Ministers and Chief Executives; the demand for information and the possibility of using fees to control this; the need for a better evidence base as to who the requesters actually are; whether FoI has influenced trust in government negatively; new technology and record management systems; the socio-legal systems that emerge once FoI law is put in place; barriers to use; tensions within the FoI "tribe"; that controlling where information goes is completely outdated; compliance issues; new information systems in developing countries and the risk of them becoming dead law; FoI laws as anti-corruption tools; preemptive disclosure; and the underlying goals of freedom of information laws.


Book launch of Free and Frank: Making the Official Information Act 1982 work better by Nicola White
Monday 26 November

This new IPS publication, Free and Frank: Making the Official Information Act 1982 work better by Nicola White, was "released" by The Honourable Annette King, Minister of Justice, on Monday 26 November in the Grand Hall of Parliament. In the Minister's words, she felt that "launching" the book was not appropriate and instead she was "releasing this information, in line with the purposes of the Act, to promote participation, accountability, and ultimately the good government of New Zealand". His Excellency, the Governor General of New Zealand, The Honourable Anand Satyanand, PCNZM also spoke about the ongoing research of the IPS and the importance of the OIA to open government in New Zealand. The launch was at the end of the first day of the 5th International Conference of Information Commissioners and was attended by conference delegates, public servants, academics and commentators. Nicola White has had nearly 20 years of close involvement with the theory and practice of the Official Information Act as a public sector lawyer and policy adviser.  This research was carried out whilst she was a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Policy Studies in Victoria University’s School of Government (2004-6).

The Minister's speech is available here

The book is available to purchase online here

Please refer to our commentary page for media articles on the book

Top left to right: IPS Director Andrew Ladley; The Honourable Annette King "releasing" the book - in the background the Governor General of New Zealand The Honourable Anand Satyanand and his wife Susan Satyanand. Bottom left to right: Nicola White, the author of Free and Frank


Book launch of Towards a New Global Climate Treaty: Looking Beyond 2012 edited by Jonathan Boston
Monday 26 November

This new IPS publication, Towards a New Global Climate Treaty: Looking Beyond 2012 edited by Jonathan Boston, was launched on Monday the 26 of November at 4.30 pm at the Victoria University Book Centre in Rutherford House by The Honourable David Parker, the Minister Responsible for Climate Change Issues. The Minister spoke about the growing international support for immediate action to tackle climate change but reminded people that the Bali talks were only the first step on the road to negotiating a new international agreement for post-2012. Victoria’s Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research) Professor Neil Quigley, also spoke at the event, taking the opportunity to announce the appointment of Dr Martin Manning, a senior scientist working for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, as Victoria’s new Professor of Climate Change. The book discusses the many challenges facing the world in designing a new multilateral climate treaty and particularly focuses on the unique challenges for New Zealand. The book was the product of the Emerging Issues Project on Climate Change funded by departmental Chief Executives.

The book is available to purchase online here

Top left to right: Lucas Kengmana (IPS Research Assistant), Jonathan Boston (Deputy Director of the IPS and Professor of Public Policy), Murray Ward (member of New Zealand’s delegation to Kyoto), Ralph Chapman (Professor of Environmental Studies), The Honourable David Parker (Minister Responsible for Climate Change Issues) and Adrian Macey (New Zealand’s Climate Change Ambassador). Bottom left to right: Jonthan Boston, Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research) Professor Neil Quigley and The Honourable David Parker; David Parker launching the book.


Seminar on Constitutional Reform in the United Kingdom and New Zealand
Monday 26 November

The School of Government, the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Political Science and International Relations Programme hosted a seminar presented by Professor Robert Hazell CBE on ‘Constitutional Reform in the United Kingdom and New Zealand’ at Government Buildings on Monday 26 November. Robert Hazell compared the strikingly similar programmes of constitutional reform in the UK and NZ. NZ led the way in the 1980s and 1990s, but the UK has caught up fast in the last 10 years, and in some respects has outpaced NZ. What can the two countries learn from each other's experience? What is the right separation and balance of powers in reformed Westminster systems?

Robert Hazell is Professor of Government and the Constitution at UCL and Director of theConstitution Unit within the School of Public Policy. He founded the Constitution Unit in 1995 as an independent think-tank specialising in constitutional reform. Before that he was Director of the Nuffield Foundation for six years, and before that a senior civil servant in the Home Office (1975- 89). He came on a study visit to New Zealand in 1987, and visited again in 2001. Professor Hazell has written widely on constitutional issues, and the Constitution Unit has from the start been closely involved in the UK’s constitutional reform programme.


Encouraging climate-supporting transport choices- what works?
Friday 16 November

The School of Government, the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the School of Geography Environment and Earth Sciences hosted this seminar presented by Dr Jillian Anable from The Centre for Transport Policy, Aberdeen Business School, Robert Gordon University at Government Buildings on Friday 16 November. Jillian Anable is a research fellow at the Centre for Transport Policy. In October 2004, Jillian became the Transport & Aviation Topic Leader for the newly created UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). Her work now focuses on transport and climate change with particular emphasis on demand reduction and market transformation within the transport sector. Other projects have included work on ‘Soft Factor Interventions’ for the Department for Transport and research at the Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University, to develop a model of individual emissions profiles from rural travel behaviour. Her chief experience and interests lie in the areas of: leisure travel; public attitudes to car use and transport policy; and the behavioural and psychological aspects of transport, particularly the factors affecting satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the transport system and the travel choices made.

Please download her peresentation here


Symposium on Transforming Transport in a carbon constrained world
Wednesday 14 November 2007

This forum was held on Wednesday 14 November in Lecture Theatre 1 of Rutherford House and is the first of two such fora that aim to initiate a dialogue about reframing our dependence on carbon intensive transport systems and identify how to transform transport to enable the building of a more resilient and thus sustainable economy, society and environment.

This event was hosted by Victoria University of Wellington's Institute of Policy Studies, School of Government and School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences. The speakers included: David Crawford (Land Transport NZ), Ralph Chapman (VUW), Kathy Perreau (Ministry of Transport) Lee Schipper (The World Resources Institute Centre for Sustainable Transport), Rod Oram, Simon Whitley (Land Transport NZ), Phil Goodwin (University of Bristol), Jillian Anable (The Robert Gordon University) and Jonathan Boston (VUW).  Contributors to the panel included: Len Cook, Susan Krumdieck, Peter Winder, Chris Kissling, Graham Seymour, Fiona Lurhs and Laurie McCallum. Key conclusions that immerged included: supply of roads cannot meet demand, so demand must be made to meet supply, attitudes are changeable but we need to: address structural, social, and psychological barriers; target the community as well as the individual, target the way and amount we drive rather than just what we drive. This event was made possible through sponsorship from the Ministry for the Environment, Ministry of Transport, Auckland Regional Council, Land Transport NZ and Honda and through the programme organisers Judy Lawrence (PSConsulting) and Roland Sapsford (Sustainability Solutions Consulting).


(pdf files )

Reports from breakout groups


Seminar on The State of International Climate Change Negotiations: Towards Bali and Beyond
Friday 9 November

The School of Government and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies hosted a seminar presented by Chris Spence on Friday 9 Novemeber in the Railway West Wing. Chris Spence is the Deputy Director of IISD Reporting Services, publishers of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin, which reports from multilateral United Nations negotiations on environment and development issues. He is also manager of its climate change team. Chris has consulted for various UN agencies and other organizations on climate change and sustainable development issues and written various articles on the state of multilateral negotiations internationally. He has also been a guest speaker at the United Nations in New York and at universities and institutes across the U.S. and elsewhere. His book, Global Warming: Personal Solutions for a Healthy Planet, was published by Palgrave MacMillan in 2005. Before he joined IISD, Chris was a political researcher and speechwriter in New Zealand’s parliament working on environmental issues and foreign affairs. He has also served as Director of the New Zealand Drug Foundation, a public health group.

His presentation is available to download here (pdf file )


Seminar on Carbon Neutrality and the Voluntary Carbon Market in New Zealand
Wednesday 31 October

The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington, was pleased to host this seminar from 8.30am - 12.30pm on Wednesday 31 October at Rutherford House. This was an important event in our overall climate change seminar series in 2007 an attracted a capacity audience of around 140. Leading local and international speakers discussed the rapidly emerging domestic interest in carbon neutrality and the voluntary carbon market. Speakers included Rod Oram, Michael Molitor (Carbon Shift in Australia), Murray Ward (GtripleC), Joanna Silver (NZX), Philip Millichamp (MfE), Ann Smith (Landcare Research – carboNZero), Tim Fraser (Meridian Energy), Philip Mladenov (Contact Energy), Kevin Reardon (Wellington City Council, Diana Shand (ICLEI-NZ CCP), Rupert Posner (The Climate Group of Australia), Jacqueline Robertson (Deloitte), Christine Turner (Trade Me), Julia Hoare (PricewaterhouseCoopers), Andrew Baines (AsureQuality) and Alistair Dixon (MCo). This was followed by networking over a light lunch. Around 30 invited participants regrouped in the afternoon for a workshop facilitated by Rod Oram. This event was made possible through sponsorship from the Ministry for the Environment and the Ministry of Economic Development.


Presentations (pdf files )
Joanna Silver - News from London and the U.S
Philip Millichamp - A Carbon Neutral Public Service
Alistair Dixon - M-co’s Experience in the Voluntary Carbon Market
Ann Smith - Greenhouse gas assertion with credibility & integrity
Jacqueline Robertson - Voluntary carbon markets
Rod Oram - Down the Tube
Philip Mladenov - An Overview of Contact Energy’s Carbon Reduction Programmes
Rupert Posner -  The Voluntary Carbon Standard
Tim Fraser - Carbon Neutrality –the Meridian Experience
Christine Turner - Carbon trading on Trade Me


Parliament and the Public Sector report
October 2007

The ‘Parliament series’ was one of the Emerging Issues Projects the IPS/School of Government has undertaken in cooperation with Chief Executives from across the public sector. Please click here to go to the project's page


The School of Government's Anniversary and Prizegiving
Wednesday 10 October 2007

This annual event was hosted by the Prime Minister, the Right Honourable Helen Clark and held in the Banquet Hall, Parliament Buildings at 4pm on Wednesday 10 October. In relation to the IPS, the Prime Minister made particular mention of the Emerging Issues Project, our new publication - Restorative Practices in New Zealand: Towards a Restorative Society and our work in the area of climate change policy. Her speech can be viewed here


Seminar on 'End Game in Zimbabwe' from Zimbabwean Opposition Official Sekai Holland
Tuesday 9 October 2007

The Institute of Policy Studies in the School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington and the Save Zimbabwean Campaign, Wellington Chapter was very pleased to host a public address entitled "End game in Zimbabwe?"with Sekai Holland. This was held at Government Buildings (Law School) on Tuesday 9 October from 5.15 - 7.15pm and attracted wide interest. Sekai Holland is a leading figure in Zimbabwe politics, married to Australian Jim Holland whom she met studying in Australia in 1964 and as part of the anti-apartheid movement. After the liberation war, the family returned to Zimbabwe in 1980. Sekai worked in women’s development and education in the 1980s. She was instrumental in forming the MDC in 1999, elected onto the National Executive and appointed as Secretary for International Affairs. Since the split in the MDC she continues to be an international representative for Morgan Tsvangirayi in a range of capacities. Sekai was arrested and beaten on March 12 after she had gone to a police station to inquire about her arrested colleagues who had taken part in a prayer meeting. She was set upon by 16 men and a woman. The woman reportedly jumped on her, breaking three ribs. She also suffered a broken arm, a broken leg, a fractured knee and multiple bruises and lacerations. She was evacuated to a South African hospital and then to Australia. This lecture summarised the economic and political crisis and discuss how the ‘end game’ might be played. It will also dealt the politicisation of food and aid, the ongoing SADC mediation and the massive requirements for post-collapse reform.

Scoop - Sekai Holland Speaks The End Game in Zimbabwe

As part of Sekai's visit, she meet with various interested parties including Prime Minister Helen Clark and gave a press conference.

Report on Sekai's trip to Wellington from the Save Zimbabwe Campagin and the Search Foundation

Scoop - Zimbabwean Politician Tells Of Beatings

Stuff - NZ stand on Mugabe earns praise


Restorative Justice and Practices in New Zealand: Towards a Restorative Society edited by Gabrielle Maxwell and James Liu

A new IPS publication Restorative Justice and Practices in New Zealand: Towards a Restorative Society was successful launched by His Excellency the Governor-General of New Zealand, The Honourable Anand Satyanand, PCNZM on Wednesday 3 October at Rutherford House.  Over 70 people attended and more than half purchased copies immediately.

The book, edited by Gabrielle Maxwell (IPS) and James Liu (Psychology) is a collection of writing about the “restorative landscape” (to use the Governor General’s phrase), as it has developed in New Zealand over the last 18 years.

The contributors include academics and practitioners.  It extends and develops restorative justice theory.  It describes practice in the areas of criminal justice including youth justice, policing, adult courts and prisons, civil disputes, education and responses to historical wrongs. And it identifies concerns that need to be answered and options for further development.

This book draws on and is a follow up to the 2005 IPS conference Towards a Restorative Society.

Gabrielle's speech

His Excellency the Govenor-General of New Zealand's speech

The book is available to purchase online here


Top - Some of the books contributors with the His Excellency (including Dr Andrew Ladley, the Director of the IPS, third from right); Bottom left to right - the co editors James Liu and Gabrielle Maxwell; IPS Deputy Director Jonathan Boston introducing the His Excellency; and the official the lauching of the book.


Concepts of Nationhood Symposium
Wednesday 26 September 2007

This symposium was held to celebrate an important milestone for New Zealand - 100 years since the proclamation of Dominion status for this country. It was organised by the Ministry of Culture and Heritageand held at the Legislative Council Chamber at Parliament Buildings. Speakers including the Rt Hon Helen Clark, Sir Paul Reeves, Rt Hon Justice Peter Blanchard, James Belich, Professor Ngatata Love, Emeritus Professor David McIntyre, Rt Hon Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Alison Quentin-Baxter and Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal. Information on the symposium can be found here, including some of the papers presented.

The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies was represented in two effective presentatives by our Director, Dr Andrew Ladley and Senior Associate Colin James. Gary Hawkes, the Head of the School of Government reported on the two presentations:

"Two of the most effective presentations came from people within School of Government networks. Andrew Ladley reported some exciting archival research which shows that the delay in New Zealand’s adoption of the Statute of Westminster from 1931 to 1947 was less reluctance to cut apron strings than pragmatic wish to avoid change when there was nothing to fix. Problems of extraterritoriality in managing New Zealand troops during the War gave the Statute some local value. Andrew had a good story to tell of intergovernmental relations in the 1930s, a clash between policy agreement (that New Zealand would not be affected by the Statute of Westminster until it chose to be so) and legal drafting (New Zealand could not be excluded from the Preamble which recited an agreement among HM Government and the Dominions as a whole while it was provided that the effective clauses did not apply to New Zealand until activated in New Zealand), settled as usual by an appeal for political accommodation. His deeper point was that the model of independence by agreement was later utilised in the Pacific and has some relevance now to relations within the UK and with the EU. Colin James finds independence of the mind from the 1970s or 1980s, most easily in arts and literature but then in a new political generation. The Treaty of Waitangi was important in that, but we will go beyond it in finding a Pacific identity – tangata whenua will include nonMaori who share a common allegiance. This was complemented by Te Ahukaramu Charles Royal who advocated emphasis on innovation and creativity – his vision which includes social justice and cultural restoration, sounds like an updating of how Eddie Durie described the Waitangi Tribunal process in the 80s listen to the grievances, acknowledge injustice where appropriate, and look for a basis for future development. The magnificent experiment of building bridges between law and history and between Maori and Pakeha has unfortunately been lost. (These papers are available on and www.charlesroyal. com)."


Report to the Pacific Islands Forum - Fiji Joint Working Group on the Situation in Fiji from the Independent Scoping Mission on the Electoral Process in Fiji
31 July – 19 September 2007

On 5 April 2007, the Fiji Forum Joint Working Group on the Situation in Fiji agreed that – an independent assessment should be undertaken of the minimum reasonable time required to prepare for and conduct the next parliamentary elections in Fiji, under conditions that would ensure such elections were free, fair and credible. Such a study should also consider the resources required for the process and the external assistance that might be necessary to ensure the timetable can be met. (italics added)

That Independent Assessment Team (IAT) visited Fiji in May 2007 and reported shortly thereafter. Its report formed the basis of our current follow up mission effectively to develop the sentence highlighted in italics, above. The Interim Government meanwhile accepted the IAT Report “in principle”, setting the stage for this Independent Electoral Scoping Mission (‘Scoping Mission’). The team, led by IPS Director Dr Andrew Ladley was appointed in late July 2007 and assembled in Fiji on 30 July. The four independent electoral experts were Mark Borg (Australia), Ole Holtved (European Union), Andrew Ladley (New Zealand, Team Leader) and Walter Rigamoto (Fiji).

Their report can be downloaded here

IPS Book Catalogue 2007: This catalogue lists books published by the IPS from 1995-2007. Details of earlier publications, or those published subsequently can be found in the IPS website: Click here to download.


Thought Leaders Dialogue - With the Pacific.....About the Pacific
Thursday 30 and Friday 31 August 2007

This dialogue is part of the Pasifika Project, which is a series of research papers commissioned by the Public Service Chief Executives that consider New Zealand’s interaction with the Pacific and was held in the Metotia Fou Hall of the Methodist Church of Samoa in Papatoetoe Auckland. The papers focus on the Pacific economy in New Zealand, the economies of the islands themselves, trade, borders and migration. A symposium was held in Wellington in February to discuss the papers. This dialogue sort to involve the broader community in this research through facilitating a dialogue between the researchers and Pacific peoples. The Thought Leaders Dialogue brought together researchers, Pacific communities and government to describe, discuss and debate research findings from the Pasifika papers. The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington's School of Government and the Department of Labour hosted this event.

Please click here to go to the Pasifika Project page - here you will find the project's research papers and also the presentations from the Thought Leaders Dialogue.


Presentation to the National Council of Women by Judith Davey
Thursday 30 August

Judith Davey's presentation is available to download here - Looking to the Future in an Ageing New Zealand: Preparing for the Agequake?


The Political Neutrality of the State Services: Issues and Principles
Monday 20 August 2007

The convention of political neutrality of the State Services has recently come under intense scrutiny as a result of an employment decision in the Public Service, and has led to a flurry of public commentary. Because the principle of political neutrality is integral to the conduct and management of the State Services in New Zealand, IPANZ and the Institute of Policy Studies at VUW are jointly sponsored a seminar to explore the principles that apply and to address issues of concern to public servants. This seminar will form part of a series of forthcoming professional development events, the overall theme for which is “the management of personal and professional interests in the State Services”. In the first of the series, Ross Tanner, President of the IPANZ, gave an address, followed by commentaries from two discussants - Jonathan Boston and Rob Laking. Ross had an extensive career in the State Services, culminating in his appointment as the Deputy State Services Commissioner from 1993- 2001. Since the conclusion of his term of office Ross has forged a new role as a Crown entity and company director, and as a consultant specialising in public management and governance. In 2004 he was appointed as an Honorary Fellow at the School of Government.

Ross Tanner - The political neutrality of the State Services: issues and principles
Jonathan Boston – Introductory Comments and Brief Comments in Response to Ross
Rob Laking – Comments: Whose duty?


Book Launch of Fighting a Fearful Disease: Controlling New Zealand's Meningococcal B Epidemic
Tuesday 7 August 2007

This event launching a new IPS publication was held on Tuesday 7 August at 5.00 pm on the mezzanine foyer of Rutherford House, 23 Lambton Quay. Stephen McKernan, the Director-General of Health officially launched the book.

Fighting a Fearful Disease tells of the unique global partnership that, in record time and with a new vaccine, successfully controlled an epidemic of group B meningococcal disease in New Zealand. It is an in-depth narrative account that covers the scientific advances, the development of policy, and collaboration in practice, as well as the human stories of triumph and tragedies. It provides a different perspective on the policy-making and implementation process, one that lends itself to both formal and informal teaching and learning. Author Janet Tyson is the case writer and editor for The Australia and New Zealand School of Government (ANZSOG) based at Victoria University of Wellington. She has a background in journalism and editing, and has specialised in central and local government and primary industry. The book can be purchased online here


Seminar on the Economic Challenges of Climate Change for New Zealand
Tuesday 24 July

The School of Government and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies hosted a seminar presented by John Whitehead, Chief Executive and Secretary to the Treasury, on “Climate Change: Economic Challenges for New Zealand”. This was held at Old Government Buildings (Victoria University of Wellington's Law School) on Tuesday 24 July. John Whitehead was appointed to the position of Secretary to the Treasury in April 2003. In this role, John is Chief Executive of one of the Government’s three central agencies, and operates as its chief economic and financial advisor. Most of John’s 30-plus year career in the public service has been spent at the Treasury, although during that time he has been seconded to the Prime Minister's Office as Economic Advisor and to the High Commission in London as a Counsellor (Economic) and Minister (Economic). The presentation was based on a paper prepared for the Otago Foreign Policy School in Dunedin in late June 2007.

Downloads: Climate Change: Economic Challenges for New Zealand (Speech) (Slides)


The Post-2012 Climate Change Roundtable Series
June - August 2007

The first in the series of five roundtable discussions was held on Thursday 7 June and was on the topic of "Beyond Kyoto – the possible shape of a post-2012 global policy framework for climate change".

On Thursday 21 June, the second session was held on the global policy architecture for addressing climate change post-2012 (i.e. when the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol expires). The second session focused on issues in the energy sector, including both stationary energy and transport. Around 55 representatives of business, non government organisations, research institutions and government agencies attended the session. Speakers included Jonathan Boston (IPS), David Smol (Ministry of Economic Development), Kathy Perreau (Ministry of Transport), Helen Stokes (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK) and Julian Turecek (National Manger, Policy and Government Affairs for Origin Energy, based in Melbourne). Three more roundtable sessions will be held over the next 6 weeks.

Jonathan Pershing - Director of the Climate, Energy and Pollution Program at the World Resources Institute: Options for the Post-2012 Carbon World (this is an extremely large file)

On Thursday 19 July, the third session in the series was held on focussed on issues around agriculture. The speakers were Mark Aspin (Meat and Wool New Zealand and the Pastoral Greenhouse Gas Reserach Consortium), Julie Collins (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) and Cecile de Klein (AgResearch).

Julie Collins - Post 2012 Roundtable: Agriculture
Dr Harry Clark and Dr Cecile de Klein - Agricultural GHG emissions: post 2012 mitigation potential
Mark Aspin - Agricultural GHG mitigation post 2012

On Thursday 26 July, the fourth session addressed the forestry sector. The speakers were Peter Weir (Chair - NZ Forest Owners Environment Committee and Industry rep -  NZ Govt delegation to UNFCCC COP 2005), Piers Maclaren (Piers Maclaren and Associates), David Whitehead and Craig Trotter (Landcare Research) and Bryan Smith (Manager, Forest Policy Co-ordination, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry)

David Whitehead and Craig Trotter: Post-2012 Roundtable Discussion on The Forestry Sector
Bryan Smith: LULUCF –Post 2012
Piers Maclaren: What post-2012 forestry policy for NZ?
Peter Weir: Post-2012 Climate Change Policy: A Planatation Owners Prespective

The fifth and final session was held on Thursday 9 August and was a concluding session focussing on the the key issues, options and scenarios. The speakers were Helen Plume (Ministry for the Environment) and Rick Boven (The Boston Consulting Group).

Helen Plume: Post-2012 Climate Change Agreement
Rick Boven: Post-Kyoto Negotiation and Implications for New Zealand


Conceptualising the Border and Customs in the 21st Century
June 2007

Andrew Ladley presented a specially commissioned report to the World Customs Organisation (WCO) Council Meeting of 172 member states in Brussells. This is the first such presentation by any New Zealand academic to the WCO, and it is a rare opportunity to showcase the IPS, School of Government, VUW, and indeed the country as a whole. The WCO contracted Andrew at IPS to do this report and presentation, after the Secretary General of the WCO in January 2007 read an IPS monograph published 2004 by Nicola White and Andrew, entitled Conceptualising the Border, and asked for a followup based on this to present to member states. The current report is entitled: “Conceptualising the Border and Customs in the 21 st Century – or how to outfox the future’. Andrew’s researcher (and coauthor) Nicci Simmonds is a VUW Graduate from the Master of Development Studies programme. The assignment was to project into the 21st century for key factors that would be relevant to Customs across this century. The conclusion is simple, namely that in an increasingly interconnected world, "border management" is going to have to cope with massively increased "flows" of people and goods. This will require interoperable systems between Border Agencies, and 'agile' administrators. Andrew discussed this same paper on border management as well as rule of law issues with the Department of Peacekeeping Operations at the United Nations.

DOWNLOAD Conceptualising the Border and Customs in the 21st Century - or How to Outfox the Future: full paper and executive summary


Forum on the PBRF
Tuesday 26 June 2007

On 26 June the IPS hosted a Forum on the Performance-Based Research Fund (PBRF), in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and the Tertiary Education Commission (TEC). The Forum comes in the wake of the recent publication of the results of the 2006 Quality Evaluation (the second round to be conducted under the PBRF). Opened by the chief executive of the TEC, Janice Shiner, speakers included the chief moderator (Professor John Hattie), panel chairs, research managers, and officials of the Ministry and TEC. The Forum provided an opportunity for the sector to reflect on the results of the 2006 round, consider how the Quality Evaluation might be improved, and explore broader policy issues and options. Of particular interest was a presentation by Leanne Harvey from the Department of Education, Science and Training in Canberra on the Australian Research Quality Framework (RQF), which is currently in the process of being introduced. Unlike the PBRF, the RQF will assess the research excellence and impact of research groups, rather than individuals. Around 90 academics, TEO administrators, officials and trade union representatives attended the Forum.


Forum programme

Powerpoint presentations
Noeline Alcorn – PBRF Panel Processes
Jonathan Boston – Issues and Options for the Future
Paul Vance, Sean Alexander and Amardeep Sandhu - Phase Two PBRF Evaluation: context for the analysis of data in Evidence Portfolios
David Sinkins - An Analysis of the Results: Part 2 Audit Findings
Margaret Wagstaffe - A TEC Perspective: Management and conduct of the 2006 PBRF Quality Evaluation
Leanne Harvey - Australia’s Research Quality Framework
Lindsay Jenkins - PBRF perspectives and the TEOs
Tom Barnes - PBRF Policy Settings: A brief reminder of some of the original thinking
Jonathan Boston - The Performance-Based Research Fund: Issues and Options for the Future (paper)


European Perspectives on Carbon Trading Seminar
Thursday 21 June 2007

On 21 June, SOG and the IPS hosted a seminar on "Carbon Trading: Some European Perspectives". This included contributions from Helen Stokes (The Deputy Head of International Emissions Trading within the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs), Vicky Pollard (Policy Officer, European Commission, DG Environment, Climate Change and International Negotiation Unit) and Julian Turecek (National Manger, Policy and Government Affairs for Origin Energy, based in Melbourne). The speakers highlighted the complexity of the European Trading Scheme (ETS), the difficulties encountered during the first trading period (200507), the efforts that have been made to enhance the
design of the scheme for the second trading period (2008-2012) and the current debates over the rules and coverage of the scheme during the third phase. A significant number of lessons from the experience of the ETS were highlighted, not least those surrounding the allocation of permits. Attention was also given during the seminar to recent policy developments in Australia, where the federal government has committed to introducing a carbon trading scheme by 2012. Another issue that attracted some debate was the potential for linkages between the ETS and the proposed Australian and NZ trading schemes.

Helen Stokes' presentation is available to download here

Vicky Pollard's presentation is available to download here


The Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns Symposium
Friday 15 June 2007

This highly topical symposium was held on Friday 15 June in the Hunter Building Council Chamber, Kelburn Parade, Victoria University of Wellington. It was jointly sponsored by Transparency International New Zealand (TINZ) and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington. Please click here to go to the symposium's page.


Workforce Ageing – research exploring the attitudes of employers to ageing workforce issues

IPS Senior Associate Judith Davey and the New Zealand Institute of Management sent out a questionnaire on 8 June which forms the first stage of this research. A small number of face to face interviews will follow looking at workforce ageing in more depth and provide case studies of innovative initiatives. Almost 40% of the work force is now aged 45 plus and this ageing trend will continue as smaller cohorts follow the baby boom bulge through the population. Skills and labour shortages are emerging, with serious economic implications if measures are not taken to improve workforce participation rates and to increase productivity. This research aims to explore the attitudes of employers to ageing workforce issues and to find out what actions and adjustments are already being made to meet the challenges. The project is being managed by Dr Judith Davey - Institute for Policy Studies, David Chapman – New Zealand Institute of Management and Boyd Klap FNZIM and supported by the Retirement Commission, Public Trust and the Bernie Knowles Rotary Trust.

For further information please download the letter accompanying the survey here


Sigrid Rausing Fellowship Lectures 2007: 'The Rule of law: destroying and rebuilding Zimbabwe'
Tuesday 22 and Thursday 24 May 2007

Victoria University of Wellington’s Institute for Governance and Policy Studies (IPS) and New Zealand Centre for Public Law hosted two public lectures given by the Sigrid Rausing Fellow Benjamin Paradza and IPS Director Andrew Ladley on the destruction and prospects of rebuilding the rule of law in Zimbabwe. Lecture one was entitled Systematic Destruction and held on Tuesday 22 May at Old Government Buildings. Lecture two was entitled Prospects for Rebuilding and held on Thursday 24 May at Old Government Buildings.

The rule of law’s value is not only the promise of the written concept, but what happens in daily reality. This lecture adds personal detail to the destruction of the rule of law and the fabric of democratic governance. Universal lessons about the rule of law apply also to Zimbabwe, including that people/institutions can stand against sustained political/military attack for a while - but not indefinitely. With a destroyed economy, a politicised public service, a brutal security force (of military, police and intelligence), and with so many political appointees in the judiciary, it is hard to see how the interlinked aspects of the rule of law might be resuscitated. But if the core values of the rule of law and political freedom have taken root in Zimbabwe, they will re-grow after the current catastrophe ends - as it will.


Seminar on ‘An economy for spaceship Earth’
Wednesday 16 May 2007

On Wednesday 16 May, the School of Government, the Institute of Policy Studies and the School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences hosted a seminar entitled ‘An economy for spaceship Earth’ by Professor Peter Brown at Old Government Buildings. The seminar argued that the current economic order rests on mistaken scientific, metaphysical, and theological assumptions. Prof Brown talked an new economic order based on the idea of respect for life and the geophysical and biological systems on which it depends. It was shown why it is better to be in step with the universe rather than ignoring it. In conclusion, a definition of cosmic citizenship was offered. Peter Brown is a Professor in the School of the Environment at McGill University, previously Professor of Public Policy of the University of Maryland. He is the author of several books, with the latest being, ‘Ethics, Economics and International Relations’.

A copy of his power point presentation is available to download here


Tonga Youth Diversion Project

As part of the work that IPS has been undertaking for the government of Tonga, we have been involved in setting up a Youth Diversion Project to enable many of the young people involved in the riots last year to be dealt with in the community in ways that make them accountable but avoid giving them a criminal record. The IPS team involved in this work includes: Dr Gabrielle Maxwell (who has had general responsibility for the development and assessment of this specific project), Justice Taihakurei Eddie Durie (who advised on the project and assisted with initial implementation), Sean Buckley (who carried out much of the data collection for the interim report) and Dr Andrew Ladley (who has had the responsibility for the overall project of assisting the Tongan Government in relation to issues of law and governance of which this is project forms one part, Andrew was also a key person in the development of the original framework for the project). Click here for a document that provides a brief overview of this scheme and an interim report on what has happened since its inception last December.


Funding secured for new project on 'Missing Men'

For further information, please click here


Making Change – taking the initiative on climate change communications
Wednesday 11 April 2007

This event, held on Wednesday 11 April at Old Government Buildings, was developed and organised by Alex Hannant from Mandarin Communications in association with Victoria University of Wellington (Institute of Policy Studies and the School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences) and the British Council. The half day conference brought together people interested in exploring how to engage New Zealanders with climate change more effectively. Representatives from all sectors were welcomed and particularly those actively involved in public communications and communications planning with regard to climate change. At the end of the event, participants were asked to give their feedback on communication initiatives that they would like see developed further. Speakers included Associate Professor Ralph Chapman (VUW), Peter Salmon (Moxie Design), Nick Jones (Nick Jones and Associates), Solitaire Townsend and Lucy Shea (Futerra), Associate Professor John McClure (VUW), Kim Griggs (freelance journalist), Daniel Abbasi (Former Associate Dean of Yale Forestry and Environment School) and Alex Hannant (Mandarin Communications).


Seminar on administrative reforms and public service employment relations in Iceland
Wednesday 4 April

Colleagues from the School of Government were invited to a breakfast seminar delivered by IPS visiting researcher Gunnar Bjornsson, who is the Director General of Iceland's Department of Personnel Policy. Gunnar provided some historical background and broadly outlined the framework of government in Iceland, with a particular focus on what has been done in administrative reforms in the last two decades or so.  Discussion focused on the central topic of his IPS research:  how should the state, as an employer, manage its employment relations, and what role should trade unions have? Iceland's Department of Personnel Policy carries out the function of central government employer. This entails the prescription and interpretation of rules in the area of personnel, and the tasks of concluding collective agreements and other agreements regarding pay and employment conditions.  The department provides ministries and government agencies with general as well as specific advice on personnel-related matters. It also cooperates on an ongoing basis with other employer and employee organisations in connection with collective bargaining, when drawing up joint guidelines, etc.  Gunnar Bjornsson has been director general of that department since 1998, and has headed the State Collective Bargaining Committee since 1996.  Prior to his current appointment, he worked as a lawyer in Iceland's Tax Revenue Office and the Tax Directorate, and also served as Director of Human Resources at the National Energy Authority. 


Multiculturalism and the Welfare State Seminar
Monday 2 April 2007

The School of Government and the Institute of Policy Studies hosted a seminar entitled Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Is there a tension between diversity and redistribution by Professor Keith Banting on Monday 2 April at Turnbull House. Keith Banting is the holder of the Queen’s Research Chair in Public Policy at Queen’s University in Canada. He earned his doctorate from Oxford University, and has been a visiting scholar at the London School of Economics, the Brookings Institution, Harvard University, Oxford University and the European University Institute. Keith Banting’s research interests focus on social policy in Canada and other western nations. He is the author or editor of 15 books and numerous articles dealing with public policy. His current research examines the implications of ethnic diversity and multiculturalism for the welfare state, and he is an editor of two books dealing with these issues: Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies (Oxford University Press, 2006; co edited with Will Kymlicka); and Belonging? Diversity and Social Integration in Canada (Institute for Research on Public Policy; co-edited with Thomas Courchene and Leslie Seidle; forthcoming).


Roundtable on Energy Policy and Climate Change:
Tuesday 20 March 2007

The IPS hosted a roundtable discussion in Wellington on 20 March 2007 on energy policy and climate change. Organized on behalf of the Ministry of Economic Development (MED), the roundtable was part of the government's consultation process on the draft New Zealand Energy Strategy (and related documents). The discussion was moderated by Glen Lauder and conducted under Chatham House rules. About 45 people attended, including representatives from business, non-governmental organizations, the public sector and the research community. Discussion focused on two specific questions that lie at the heart of the issues surrounding climate change and energy sustainability. The first topic dealt with the pros and cons of setting targets. The discussion was introduced by Professor Jonathan Boston (IPS), and included responses from Dr Tim Denne, Brian Easton, and Tim Jones. Issues discussed included:

  • what are targets?
  • what kinds of targets are there? (e.g. binding v non-binding; realistic v aspirational, etc.)
  • what form could they take and how could they be structured? (e.g. greenhouse gas reduction targets, stabilisation targets, temperature cap targets, renewable energy targets, etc.; if GHG, should they be expressed in gross or net terms; should they be short-term, medium-term or long-term, or some combination; should any targets be for the whole economy or sector specific (or both); what milestones would be appropriate?
  • what are the advantages and disadvantages (of different kinds) of targets?
  • what are other countries doing? what lessons can we learn?
  • how should any domestic targets relate to NZ's current and likely future international obligations?
  • what data collection, analysis and modeling capabilities are needed so that targets are appropriately set and measured?
  • what might be the best way forward?

The second topic dealt with the pace or rate of change in the energy sector. This was be led by Stuart Calman (MED), with responses from Dr Don Elder, Bruce Parkes and Rob Whitney. Issues discussed included:

  • are the proposals is the draft NZ Energy Strategy sufficient or should New Zealand be more ambitious?
  • what are the political and technical limits to achieving more rapid decarbonisation?
    is the balance of action across the energy sector about right?
  • should the various different sectors be expected to move at similar or different speeds?
  • what constitutes an equitable sharing of the burden of adjustment to a low-carbon economy?

Jonathan Boston's presentation slides are available to download here


Book Launch - Special Measures to Reduce Ethnic Disadvantage in New Zealand
Friday 16 March 2007

The Institute of Policy Studies and the Human Rights Commission hosted the launch of Special Measures to Reduce Ethnic Disadvantage in New Zealand by Paul Callister at the Naumai Room, Te Pune Kokiri on Friday 16 March. This book is a valuable resource for policy makers and others. The issue of special measures became controversial after Don Brash’s Orewa speech in January 2004. As a consequence, the government initiated a review of ‘race-based’ measures by the State Services Commission, known as the Mallard Review. The review was completed in 2005. Paul Callister reviews all these developments and addresses the questions raised. The Human Rights Commission has also developed guidelines on the use of special measures in response to the debate. The guidelines and the book were both launched at this event in the week prior to Race Relations Day 2007. Copies of Special Measures can be purchased from IPS for $25.00 per copy, please click here to purchase the book online.


Climate Change 2007: Physical Science Considerations for Policymakers
Friday 16 March 2007

The School of Government, the Institute of Policy Studies and the School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences hosted this seminar entitled Climate Change 2007: Physical Science Considerations for Policymakers by Dr Martin Manning. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessments of climate change provides a unique mechanism for communication between scientists and policymakers. This talk provided an overview of some of the procedures used to ensure that IPCC products have high credibility in both communities, and then summarized what appears, from the science side, to be key considerations for policymakers. These include near term changes that appear to be unavoidable, and longer term changes that will depend on future greenhouse gas emissions. The increasing frequency of extreme events, and the implications of sea level rise, highlight the need to consider both adaptation and mitigation policies in future. Dr Martin Manning left NIWA in 2002 to take up his present position as Director of the Support Group for IPCC Working Group I in Colorado and is a Coordinating Lead Author for the Technical Summary of the recently approved IPCC report.


Visit from Oxford doctoral student Alan Gamlen looking at Diaspora Policy
February/March 2007

Alan Gamlen has just completed a month's visit at the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies. His connections with Victoria started with him completing a BA majoring in History and English Literature and a BMus at this university. Currently Alan is working towards a doctorate at Oxford focusing on in the influence of governmental factors on the participation of emigrants in their societies of origin. Taking New Zealand as a case study, he is focusing on 'diaspora engagement policies' – a range of initiatives through which homestates extend membership privileges and responsibilities to extraterritorial populations. The primary purpose of his visit was to undertake interviews with key policy makers. As part of his visit, Alan led the discussion at an Institute for Governance and Policy Studies seminar entitled 'Diaspora and our ageing population'. Professor Richard Bedford of the Migration Research Group at Waikato University, and Ross McConnell, CEO of Kea New Zealand, also gave presentations. The session was chaired by Professor Gary Hawke, Head of the School of Government. This seminar was part of the ageing stream of work being undertaken within the overall CE's Emerging Issues Project. New Zealand has a significant proportion of its population living overseas at any one time and, equally, a significant proportion of the population living in New Zealand was born overseas. For further information on the seminar click here.


Climate Seminar
Tuesday 6 March 2007

The School of Government and the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies hosted a seminar entitled Multiple Time Scales for Averting Climate Catastrophe by Professor Raymond Pierrehumbert on 6 March at the Railway Building. Raymond Pierrehumbert is Professor of Geophysical Sciences at the University of Chicago. He has published extensively in leading scientific journals, such as Nature and Science, on a range of issues related to climate change. He has also written on some of the policy concerning the mitigation of climate change. His current research interests include the development of idealized mathematical models that can be used to address the big questions of climate science: How did the earth keep from freezing over during the Faint Young sun period in its history? Why did Earth keep its water while Venus got trapped in a runaway greenhouse? What possible past climates could exist on Mars? Why was the Eocene so warm on Earth? What was tropical sea surface temperature doing during the Last Glacial Maximum? This involves work at the interface of fluid dynamics and radiative transfer.


Respectful Schools publication launch
9 February 2007

On Friday February 9th, Respectful Schools: Restorative Practices in Education (A Summary Report), a joint publication between the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Institute of Policy Studies, was launched by Her Excellency Susan Satyanand at Rutherford House.  Other speakers at the launch were the Children’s Commissioner – Dr Cindy Kiro, the Secretary for Education – Karen Sewell, the two authors - Sean  Buckley and Gabrielle Maxwell, and Porirua College School Principal – Suzanne Jungerson.  Each spoke supportively of the use of restorative practices as an effective alternative to traditional exclusionary and punitive discipline practices in our schools. An audience of some 40-50 educationalists and academics was in attendance.

A electronic version of the report is available here - Respectful Schools

Speeches - Gabrille Maxwell , Sean Buckley , Her Excellency Susan Satyanand


Climate Science – Where it’s at
Wednesday 7 February 2007

On 2 February the new key science findings from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were announced from Paris. Two seminars/discussion were presented on Wednesday 7 February at Rutherford House by Victoria University of Wellington, NIWA and the Royal Society of New Zealand to look at the findings in the IPCC report. One was primarily for the science community and the other for the general public. Contributions came from some of our most eminent scientists in this area, including Dr David Wratt (NIWA), who is also an IPCC Bureau Member.


Pasifika Project

A series of Pasifika papers have been commissioned by the Chief Executives of the New Zealand Public Service as part of their programme of forward thinking on questions of broad and general significance for New Zealand. Click here for the Pasifika Project