Institute for Governance and Policy Studies

Previous Events 2011

Seminar Friday 16 December 2011
The result of the referendum's results - a seminar presentation by Professor Nigel Roberts and Dr Therese Arseneau

On election night, 26 November, only the results of advance voting in the referendum were. The final results of the electoral systems' referendum probably won't be known until 10 December. This seminar assessed the significance of the final results of the referendum.

Dr Therese Arseneau is a Senior Fellow in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Canterbury.

Professor Nigel Roberts is a Professorial Fellow in Political Science at the Victoria University of Wellington.

Both Dr Arseneau and Professor Roberts have been providing expert advice to the Electoral Commission in connection with the electoral systems' referendum.


Seminar Friday 9 December 2011
Election 2011: reflections on the outcome - a seminar presentation by Ryan Malone, Brian Fallow and Jeff Osbourne

View the presentations here

With the campaigning finished, the votes counted, and a new government formed, this lunchtime forum discussed the outcome of the 2011 General Election. Jeff Osbourne of the PSA, Brian Fallow from the NZ Herald and Ryan Malone, Director of Training and Research for civicsquare examined the outcomes from social, economic, policy and political perspectives.


Seminar Friday 2 December 2011 (Re-scheduled from 11 November)
A Fiscal Council for New Zealand: are some decisions too important to be left to politicians?- a seminar presentation by Chris Eichbaum, School of Government, Victoria University

Chris Eichbaum is Reader in Government and Deputy Head of School in the School of Government at Victoria University. His areas of research interest include governance and institutional design; political economy of central banking; comparative public policy (Australia and New Zealand); aspects of social policy; aspects of tertiary education and training policy (including vocational education and training); and the role and accountability of ministerial advisers.


Seminar Friday 18 November 2011
Parliaments, politics, and public policy: an update on the struggle for responsible leadership in the contemporary Pacific Islands - a seminar presentation by Graham Hassall, School of Government, Victoria University

Graham Hassall is Associate Professor, Public Policy and Administration, in the School of Government at Victoria University. His research, primarily in the context of Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, has focused on the structure and operation of systems of governance; democracy and electoral systems; public leadership and ethics, peace and security; and public policy for dispute resolution.


Seminar Friday 4 November 2011
Pragmatism: What is it and what's in it for policy makers? - a seminar presentation by Dr Amanda Wolf, School of Government, Victoria University

This seminar explored pragmatism as something more than mere expediency and something less than a reconstituted early 20th-century philosophical tradition. Pragmatism grounds evidence-based policy's aim to enact interventions that work. Equally, pragmatism justifies going beyond evidence as conventionally understood to draw on experience and common sense, especially when matters are complex and values ambiguous or ambivalent. In short, whenever rational decision making tools and processes run up against their limits, pragmatism describes the temperament and worldview policy practitioners can use to advance policy objective.

Amanda Wolf is senior lecturer in public policy, and director, graduate research programmes in the School of Government.


Seminar Friday 28 October 2011
Durban: Deal or Deadlock? - Prospects for the international climate change negotiations - a seminar presentation by Dr Adrian Macey

The seminar assessed the prospects for the Durban Conference of the Parties at the end of this year, including the future of the Kyoto Protocol, which has become the most difficult and high profile issue in the negotiations. It also looked at the implications for New Zealand's interests.

Dr Adrian Macey was NZ's first climate change ambassador from 2006-2010, and has wide experience of multilateral negotiations, including the Uruguay and Doha rounds of the GATT/WTO. Currently he is the Chair of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations. He is a Senior Associate of the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, School of Government, Victoria University.


Seminar Friday 21 October 2011
New Longitudinal study in Auckland - a seminar presentation by Dr Jan Pryor, Associate Professor and Director, Roy McKenzie Centre for the Study of Families
Victoria University

The Growing Up in New Zealand Study is a new longitudinal study of nearly 7000 families representing New Zealand families closely demographically. Two data collection phases are completed and the third is well underway. This seminar will describe the study and discuss some preliminary findings.


Seminar Friday 14 October 2011
Shifting (regional) tourism development on a sustainable path:learning from the experiences and dilemmas of a Caribbean island - a seminar presentation by Dr Valentina Dinica, School of Government, Victoria University

Tourism has developed unsustainably in the Caribbean island of Curaçao, as in much of the world’s micro-state islands. Numerous foreign investors favoring mass low-cost tourism development prefer to operate in countries where sustainability legislation is underdeveloped or un-enforced. Political actors create often such environments to maximize foreign investments. Although this is empirically widely acknowledged, no conceptual framework has been yet advanced to explain theoretically the situation of sustainability legislation shortage in so many developing islands. In this seminar, Dr. Dinica explained how the Competitive Prisoner Dilemma Game, developed under Game Theory, can shed some light on the failure (so far) of political actors in Curaçao, and the Caribbean region more widely, to adopt sustainability laws. Game Theory is an interesting framework to apply as it also allows for the elaboration of effective lock-out strategies for countries trapped into this dilemma. Game Theory reveals that providing political decision makers with information on the benefits sustainability legislation is necessary but not sufficient. A ‘lock-out strategy’ must be accompanied by measures able to generate both cognitive and institutional changes towards a ‘solidarity orientation’ among political actors across the developing islands competing for similar tourism products. 

Valentina Dinica is a Senior Lecturer in Public Policy in the School of Government.


Seminar Wednesday 21 September 2011
NGOs and NZ Aid: The Value of Civil Society - a seminar presentation by Garth Nowland-Foreman and Andrew McGregor

Garth spoke about the value of NGOs in international aid and development work.
Andrew explored the dilemma that NZ NGOs face in receiving government funding but also wanting to maintain their autonomy, using the case study of the KOHA-SDF.

Andrew McGregor
is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington. Download presentation here

Garth Nowland-Foreman
is director of Community Solutions, which consults with NGOs and those who fund them on issues of strategy, governance and review.  He is a co-chair of the Tangata Whenua, Community & Voluntary Sector Research Centre Download presentation here


Seminar Friday 26 August 2011
Census of Marine Life: Lessons Learned from a Decade of Collaborative Science - a seminar presentation by Professor David Penman

The Census of Marine Life (CoML) has concluded a US $750m decade-long program involving over 2700 scientists and 80+ countries aimed at building a base of knowledge about the ‘known, unknown, and unknowable’ of life in the oceans.  It built a strong base in quality science by being collaborative and by having a global presence. The unique nature of the Census, at least in the biological and ecological sciences, provided the opportunity to examine lessons learned from aspects of governance, leadership, management, data sharing, infrastructure systems, outreach and education.  This seminar reported on a series of interviews with participants and suggest ways future large-scale public good science programmes might ensure maximum benefits for science, scientists and end-users.

David Penman, formerly of the University of Canterbury and Landcare Research was contracted by the Alfred P Sloan Foundation to conduct the review.


Seminar Monday 25 July 2011
Facing the Challenge: Navigating the politics and practice of welfare reform- a seminar presentation by Iain Duncan Smith, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, UK

As the former Chairman of the United Kingdom’s Centre for Social Justice, Iain Duncan Smith saw the disastrous consequences of an ineffective welfare state: broken families, educational failure, personal debt, addiction and intergenerational worklessness. Now it is his turn to fix the system. As Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Duncan Smith has the opportunity to put his ideas into action; reforming welfare so that it better enables the poor and vulnerable to escape the trap of poverty. Duncan Smith’s Welfare Reform Bill, described by the UK government as the “biggest shake-up of the welfare system for 60 years,” is now before Parliament. In his evening lecture, Duncan Smith will share with us the ideas that undergird his approach to welfare reform and how he is putting these ideas into action within the context of both a coalition government and a period of austerity.

Iain Duncan Smith has been a member of the UK Parliament for 19 years. During this time he has held a number of significant roles including Leader of the Conservative Party from 2001 until 2003.

In 2004 Iain Duncan Smith established the Centre for Social Justice (CSJ), an independent think tank committed to tackling poverty and social breakdown. He worked tirelessly as Director while continuing to serve as an MP until 2010 when he was appointed to Cabinet as the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. He is now working to reform the welfare system, with the goal of restoring hope and improving the lives of the poorest people in Britain.


Seminar Friday 8 July 2011
Ethical Hermeneutics: The Treaty of Waitangi and the New Zealand Constitution- a seminar by Dr Bernard Cadogan, Stout Research Centre and the Treasury

This seminar explored ethics and hermeneutics in relation to the Treaty of Waitangi. It argued that the ethical standards for politicians involved in debates over the Treaty are no different from those that apply to scholars and judges.

Bernard Cadogan has a post-doctoral fellowship at the Stout Research Centre at Victoria University of Wellington and is a consultant to the Treasury on constitutional and Treaty issues.


2011 Seminar Thursday 7 July 2011
APEC and the Future of the Asia-Pacific Economic Architecture - a seminar by Ambassador Kurt Tong, U.S. Senior Official forAsia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Presented in co-operation with the Embassy of the Unied States of America

Kurt Tong is the U.S. Senior Official for Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), managing all aspects of U.S. participation in APEC. He is also the Economic Coordinator for the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, organizing bureau-wide efforts on economic policy issues.

Ambassador Tong has spent 17 years working and studying in East Asia, including service at the U.S. Embassies in Manila, Tokyo, Beijing and Seoul. Most recently, he served as Director for Korean Affairs at the Department of State from 2008 to 2009. Prior to that, he was Director for Asian Economic Affairs at the National Security Council from 2006 to 2008. He was a Visiting Scholar at the Tokyo University Faculty of Economics from 1995 to 1996. Prior to joining the Foreign Service, Ambassador Tong was an Associate with the Boston Consulting Group in Tokyo.


Seminar Friday 1 July 2011
Best Practice Regulation - what is it and how do we know? - a seminar by Dr Peter Mumford, the Treasury

New Zealand has been a regulatory innovator, but these experiments have not always succeeded.  Learning from these ‘extreme cases’ we can improve our monitoring of the health of regulatory regimes, both to drive for best practice and reduce the risk of regulatory failure.  This seminar drew together an analysis of performance-based regulation through the lens of the ‘leaky building crisis’, with Treasury’s Best Practice Regulation principles and performance indicators, to provide a framework for diagnosing regulatory regimes.

Dr Peter Mumford is a Director in the Ministry of Economic Development and Principal Advisor in the Treasury. 


Seminar Friday 17 June 2011
Insights for the Official Statistics System from the Report of the 'Stiglitz Commission' - a seminar by Rachael Milicich, Statistics New Zealand

This seminar considered some of the key recommendations of the Report of the Stiglitz Commission on the 'Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress', prepared for the French President in 2009. The Commission was chaired by Professor Joseph E. Stiglitz, Columbia University; Professor Amartya Sen, Harvard University, was the Chair Adviser; and Professor Jean-Paul Fitoussi, Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris, President of the Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE), was the Coordinator of the Commission. The seminar also examined how the Report's recommendations relate to recent developments in official statistics in New Zealand and what further changes may be desirable.

Rachael Milicich has worked for Statistics New Zealand mainly in the development and compilation of key macroeconomic statistics. In her current role as Manager of National Accounts, she has responsibility for the national accounts, environmental accounts, tourism satellite account and more recently sustainable development indicators. She also represents New Zealand as a member of the OECD/UNECE Taskforce or Sustainable Development.


Website Launch Tuesday 14 June 2011
The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and Te Kawa a M?ui have joined together in a project which examines issues likely to arise in the Crown-M?ori relationship in the post-Treaty settlements era. Over 20 scholars and thinkers have contributed 1200-word opinion pieces across a range of complex and challenging post-settlements topics, and these are brought together in a new website,

The aim of this interactive website is to assist the policy community and the wider public to gain a better understanding of emerging Crown-M?ori relationships, and to help inform the design of institutions and policies that support the continuing development of a prosperous, cohesive and fair society for all New Zealanders.


Seminar Friday 10 June 2011
Adaptive Governance: The Challenges of Climate Change and Planetary Limits, and the Implications for Policy Research- a seminar by Steve Hatfield-Dodds

Dr Steve Hatfield-Dodds is a Visiting Scientist working on climate change and sustainability issues at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), and an Adjunct Professor at the Crawford School of Economics and Public Policy, Australian National University (ANU). From July 2008 to July 2010 he led the Strategy, Projections and Analysis Branch in the Australian Government Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, where he was responsible for supporting policy and decisions on Australia’s emissions target, overseeing Australia’s official emissions projections, and contributing to Australia’s national and international climate strategy. His previous career includes research and policy positions in the CSIRO, The Allen Consulting Group, Commonwealth Treasury, Department of Environment and Heritage, and the ANU. He is a past President of the Australia New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics (ANZSEE), and is currently a member of the ANZSEE executive. Steve is a recognised thought leader in environmental economics and policy analysis, specialising in climate change and sustainability issues. His interests and expertise focus on integration science and the science-policy nexus; the design and evaluation of incentive-based instruments; integrated approaches to human motivation, behaviour, and social values; and the implications of these for public policy and adaptive governance. 


Conference Wednesday 8 and Thursday 9 June 2011
Biophysical Limits and their Policy Implications

Hosted by the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, School of Government,
Victoria University of Wellington and Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research

The Scientific and Wider Context Economic growth has been a key objective of most governments over much of the period since the rise of modern democratic states. But is continuing growth possible in a finite world? Since the publication of Limits to Growth by 'The Club of Rome' in 1972, there has been a lively debate about the extent to which there are planetary limits to economic growth, or at least growth of certain kinds. This debate has been invigorated in recent years, not least as a result of concerns over human-induced climate change, the poor management of the globe's freshwater and marine resources, the loss of agricultural land and population growth.

Session One
Dr Paul Reynolds The nature of the problem

Dr Brian Walker Planetary limits and missing institutions: addressing the 21st century's big challenge

Session Two
Mediasite presentation link:
Duration: 1:50:28

Hon Dr Nick Smith A governmental perspective

Dr Alan Beedle The big picture
Download Dr Beedle's address here

Session Three
Mediasite presentation link:

Dr Graham Turner Revisiting the 'Limits to Growth' - global and national strategies for sustainability

Dr Daniel Rutledge Global biophysical limits

Dr Clive Howard-Williams Freshwater: global and local limits and their implications

Dr Mike McGinnis Understanding the limits to the oceanic commons

Session Four
Mediasite Presentation Link:
Duration: 1:31:41

Professor Caroline Saunders Critical natural capital: the limits to substitutability

Dr Steve Hatfield-Dodds Governance: challenges in reducing the risks and impacts of overshooting biophysical limits

Session Five
Mediasite Presentation Link:
Duration: 1:23:42

Dr Valentina Dinica Governance for transition towards a sustainable society

Dr Bob Frame Framing the problem and implications for research: a dialogue

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Seminar Thursday 2 June 2011
Early Childhood Education: Suggested Policy Directions - a seminar by
Dr Michael Mintrom

The past three years have witnessed high levels of contestation over the funding of Early Childhood Education in New Zealand.  Those debates have occurred against a backdrop of significant increases in enrolments, a trend towards children spending longer hours per week in services, and a huge increase in Government funding of the sector.  Dr. Michael Mintrom provided an overview of the Final Report from the Early Childhood Education Taskforce (Release date: 1 June).  This wide-ranging report critically examines government policy settings and the present state of ECE in New Zealand.  Among other things, it assesses the existing funding regime, the evidence regarding the value of ECE to society, current access problems, the importance of supporting working parents, the state of professional development in the sector, and the limited information available to parents on service quality.  Dr. Mintrom highlighted the Taskforce's key messages, discuss the Taskforce's vision for the future early childhood sector, and indicated the policy changes needed to get from here to there.  
Dr. Michael Mintrom served as chair of the Early Childhood Education Taskforce established in October 2010.  Independently of his Taskforce work, Michael is an Associate Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, where he coordinates the Auckland Master of Public Policy degree. 


Seminar Wednesday 1 June 2011
Towards better use of evidence in policy formation - a seminar by Professor Sir Peter Gluckman

The public good is undoubtedly advanced by knowledge-informed policy formation, evaluation and implementation. The challenge is how to do better in the generation and application of knowledge to inform policy making, and in the use of scientific approaches to the monitoring and evaluation of policy initiatives. This is a particular challenge given the changing nature of science and the increasingly complex interaction between science and policy formation.

Professor Sir Peter Gluckman was the founding Director of the Liggins Institute and is one of New Zealand's best known scientists.


Seminar Friday 27 May 2011
New Zealand Climate Change Policy in a Comparative Perspective - a seminar by
Dr Frank Alcock, Fulbright Fellow

This seminar summarized the findings of Dr. Alcock's Fulbright project analyzing the New Zealand Emissions Trading System. With respect to greenhouse gases, New Zealand's emissions profile is distinctive. Agricultural emissions of methane and nitrous oxide comprise a substantially greater portion of greenhouse gas emissions than in most other industrialized countries, while substantial hydropower resources render its carbon dioxide emissions from electricity generation comparatively modest. Also noteworthy are carbon sequestration gains through crop forestry plantations that proliferated in the early 1990s - gains that could become liabilities if and when these forests are harvested. The resulting climate politics are in some respects unique (the prominence of the agriculture and forestry sectors vis-à-vis fossil fuels and electric utilities) but quite typical in others (salient economic sectors successfully resisting the imposition of costs and related price signals). The status of New Zealand's ETS initiative was contrasted and compared to parallel efforts in Australia, the United States and European Union.

Dr Frank Alcock is an Associate Professor of Political Science at New College of Florida where he serves as the Director of Environmental Studies and teaches courses on world politics, international law, climate change, marine policy and sustainable development. From February through May 2011 Frank will be a Senior Fulbright Scholar based at the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies at Victoria University of Wellington.


Seminar Thursday 26 May 2011
The Limits of Imprisionment in Controlling Crime - a seminar by
Emeritus Professor David Brown, University of New South Wales

After three decades of rapidly increasing imprisionment rates across a number of countries there are signs that some politicians, and sections of the media and public, are tiring of the endless political bidding wars. A number of recent developments in the US, UK and Australia suggest that conditions may be ripe for a political shift in the reliance on escalating rates of imprisonment as a default criminal justice strategy for responding to crime.

Professor Brown discussed the relationship between incarceration rates and crime rates within the wider context of the growing movement for rethinking the place of imprisonment in current criminal justice policy.

Emeritus Professor David Brown taught Criminal Law, Advanced Criminal Law, Criminal Justice, Crime Prevention, Community Corrections and Penology courses at the University of UNSW in Sydney from 1974 to 2008. He has given 120 conference papers or public addresses all over the world and is a regular media commentator on criminial justice issues.


Seminar Friday 20 May 2011
A seminar on the 2011 Budget

Derek Gill: a macro-economic perspective

Brian Fallow: a political perspective

Associate Professor Bob Stephens: a social policy perspective


Symposium Tuesday 17 May 2011
Symposium on the Future of Coal

Hosted by the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, the Climate Change Research Institute
and the Environmental Studies Programme at Victoria University of Wellington

The future of coal and the future of human civilization are now inextricably linked. Globally, coal is a major source of energy, particularly for generating electricity. It is abundant, accessible and, above all, cheap. It is currently vital for economic growth and prosperity. But coal is also an inherently highpolluting and carbon-intensive form of energy. In 2008, it accounted for 43% of carbon-dioxide emissions from fuel combustion, and roughly a quarter of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Rising world energy
demand is likely to increase coal consumption, with even higher emissions. Yet, if dangerous climate change is to be avoided, global emissions must be reduced – substantially and quickly. What, then, is the way forward? Does carbon capture and storage (CCS) offer a satisfactory solution? Or will coal production need to be severely curtailed in the interests of maintaining a stable, hospitable climate? And, if the latter, how might this best be achieved? Whatever the answers to such questions, there are major implications for New Zealand. This symposium will address these and related matters, drawing on international and local experts from a range of disciplines.

Dr Mike Isaac, GNS Science New Zealand Coal resources in
an international context

Dr Geoff Bertram, Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria
University The New Zealand policy context: key issues

Dr James Hansen, Columbia University, New York Coal in a carbon constrained world

Paul Graham, The Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation An Australian perspective on the coal trade and the domestic power sector

Rob Funnell, GNS Science The potential for geological sequestration of CO2: Opportunities for New Zealand and its Energy Sector

Carolyn van Leuven and Nathan Bittle, Ministry for Economic Development Challenges facing the construction of CCS policy and regulatory settings

Dr Shannon Page Lincoln University CCS and the issues around coal

Dr Don Elder, Solid Energy, An Industry Perspective

Dr Jan Wright, Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment, Lignite and climate change: The high cost of low grade coal


Public Lecture Monday 16 May 2011
Human-Made Climate Change: A Moral, Political and Legal Issue - presented by
Dr James Hansen

View the Mediasite Presentation here
Duration: 1:41:08

Dr James Hansen is Director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York and Adjunct Professor at Columbia University's Earth Institute. He is the author of Storms of my Grandchildren (2010), and is probably best known for being one of the first scientists to bring global warming to the world's attention, when he delivered Congressional testimony on climate change in the 1980s.

Trained in physics and astronomy in Dr James Van Allen's space science program at the University of Iowa, Dr Hansen has been an active researcher in planetary atmospheres and climate science for nearly 40 years, with the last 30 years focused on climate research, publishing more than 100 scholarly articles on the latter topic. 

Elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 1995, Dr Hansen has received numerous awards, including the WWF Conservation Medal from the Duke of Edinburgh, the American Geophysical Union's Roger Revelle Medal, and the Heinz Environment Award. 
In addition to numerous testimonies given to the United States Senate and House of Representatives, Dr Hansen twice made presentations to President George W. Bush Administration's cabinet level Climate and Energy Task Force, chaired by Vice President Dick Cheney. 

While Dr Hansen's work has evolved from space science to climate science, it has constantly sought to make the results of that work widely available to the public.  Time Magazine designated Dr. Hansen as one of the world's 100 most influential people in 2006, a tribute to his continuing efforts to serve the public through his scientific work.

Dr Hansen's Wellington lecture focussed on human-made climate change as a moral, political and legal issue. To quote:

'Human-made climate change is a moral issue. It pits the rich and the powerful against the young and the unborn, against the defenseless and against nature. Climate change is a political issue. But politics fails when there is a revolving door between government and the fossil fuel-industrial complex. Climate change is a legal issue. The judiciary provides the possibility of holding our governments accountable for their duty to protect the public interest.'


Seminar Monday 16 May 2011
Wall Street in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis: An Ethical Perspective - presented by The Rev. Dr James Cooper

View the video presentation here
Duration: 1:03:34

Foreclosures, bank failures, massive job losses-the Great Recession of 2008 left a long trail of human misery and unanswered questions.

Is there a role for morality in the marketplace? Can corporations behave ethically? What is the government's role in regulating greed?

Dr. Cooper shared his observations and experiences as a pastoral presence on Wall Street, and as the CEO of a major employer and commercial real-estate owner in Lower Manhattan.

The Rev. Dr. James Herbert Cooper is the 17th Rector of Trinity Church, situated at the head of Wall Street and founded in 1697 by royal charter of King William III. As Rector and CEO, Dr. Cooper oversees Trinity's extensive ministries, locally and globally, which are sustained by the church's real estate holdings. At the center of the terrorist attacks of September 11th, Trinity Church and it's St. Paul's Chapel has played a pivotal role in the revitalization of lower Manhattan. Dr. Cooper is a graduate of Washington & Lee University and received his Master of Divinity and Doctor of Ministry from Virginia Theological Seminary.


Seminar Friday 13 May 2011
Investment grade policy: What is needed to scale-up green finance? - presented by Murray Ward

For the last decade, the focus of climate policy in New Zealand and developed countries internationally has been on internalising a cost of carbon into market commodities (like energy). The results have been underwhelming with huge political capital expended and carbon price wars still raging in New Zealand’s largest and third largest trading partners. Meanwhile, little has been done to better understand how to divert investment from the business-as-usual ‘brown path’ to the needed ‘green path’. But new ideas are emerging and being advocated by international thought leaders. What are these and how are they relevant to New Zealand, given its Asia-Pacific setting?

From 1996 to 2002 Murray led the New Zealand Ministry for the Environment’s climate change team where he managed the development of domestic climate change policy and was a leading senior negotiator in NZ delegations to international climate change meetings. He is considered to be one of the key architects of the Kyoto Protocol framework. Murray founded Global Climate Change Consultancy (GtripleC) in 2003 to provide high-level strategic counsel to a range of international public and private sector clients. GtripleC’s focus is on the policy architecture of an enlarged and global climate change regime post-2012 – in particular as it relates to carbon markets and climate finance.

In 2009-2010, Murray based GtripleC in London to do the necessary research and networking for a major report Engaging Private Sector Capital at Scale, supported by the Asian Development Bank and the United Nations Foundation. This report was released in June 2010. (Download at ).


Seminar Friday 29 April 2011
Forum on the Christchurch Earthquake

Seismological contexts of the Christchurch earthquake February 22, 2011:  what is its relationship to other New Zealand earthquakes?
Euan Smith is Professor of Geophysics at Victoria University of Wellington.  He has held that position since returning to Victoria University from what is now GNS Science in 1994 after 18 years as a government seismologist. His primary research interest is earthquake recurrence and the implications of this for assessing earthquake hazard.  He has published recently on the statistics of foreshocks and aftershocks.

Macroeconomic effects of the 22 February earthquake
David Galt manages the Economic Forecasting and Monitoring team at Treasury.

The Canterbury Earthquakes – Rebuilding on the Past
Geoff Thomas lectures in Structures and fire safety at the School of Architecture.  His primary research interests are improving the earthquake resistance of timber frame dwellings and fires following earthquakes.  He recently spent a week in Christchurch carrying out rapid structural engineering assessments of buildings in Christchurch after the February 22 earthquake.

 The Canterbury earthquakes: Lessons for preparedness

John McClure is Professor of Psychology at VUW.  He has numerous publications in international journals on the psychology of risk and hazards. His research examines how risk judgments connect with people’s fatalism about hazards and their decisions on whether to prepare for earthquakes.  His research clarifies which messages decrease people’s fatalism and increase


Seminar Friday 6 May 2011
Tackling Wicked Problems: Lessons from Autism Policy - presented by Hilary Stace

Wicked policy problems are characterised by complexity and fragmentation. Some of the challenges in New Zealand’s autism policy are:

  • a sharp rise in prevalence rates over the last 20 years;
  • no standard diagnostic test;
  • policy and operations responsibility spread across numerous government agencies including Health, Education and Social Development;
  • a growing autistic community which sees the condition as a neurological difference rather than a medical ‘problem’.

Addressing wicked policy requires innovation and relationship building and an example is the 2008 New Zealand Autism Spectrum Disorder Guideline. This whole-of-life, whole-of-spectrum, whole-of-government approach was world-leading, and the expectation was that it would address confusion and fragmentation around ASD.

Hilary Stace, of the Health Services Research Centre, is currently finishing her PhD: ‘Moving beyond love and luck; building right relationships and respecting lived experience in New Zealand autism policy’. This presentation will consider whether ‘wicked policy’ is a useful way to understand autism, and if so, how to move forward.


Seminar Tuesday 19 April 2011
A Tale of Two Houses: Does MMP mean we don't need an upper house? - presented by Professor Nicholas Aroney

Not all democracies look the same. The type of electoral system we have, and the structure of our Parliament, affect the quality of our democracy and can make the difference between good and bad laws. They help determine whether the government can be held to account, and how well our politicians represent us.

Despite our many similarities, Australia and New Zealand have quite different electoral systems and parliaments. New Zealand has one house of Parliament, elected via MMP, while Australia has several different voting systems across the county, most of them requiring laws to pass through two houses. Australian public law expert, Professor Nicholas Aroney, explored the pros and cons of one house and two house parliamentary systems, and asked whether the benefits of upper houses could also be delivered by an electoral system like MMP. For New Zealanders, the question ultimately becomes: does MMP make a second house unnecessary?

Nicholas Aroney is Professor of Constitutional Law and an Australian Research Council Future Fellow at the University of Queensland. He has published widely in constitutional law and legal theory, with particular emphasis on questions relating to the theory and practice of federalism. He also speaks frequently at national and international conferences on these topics. Prior to joining the university, Professor Aroney worked with a major Australian law firm and as a legal consultant.


Seminar Friday 8 April 2011
Climate Change and Public Opinion- presented by Dr Frank Alcock, Fulbright Fellow

This seminar reviewed patterns in United States public opinion on global warming/climate change. Attitudes toward climate science and climate policies were explored with an emphasis on areas of vulnerability, opportunities for persuasion, and the relative effectiveness of different messages and communication strategies.  Presentation materials built upon data from the Yale Project on Climate Communication and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication. The political implications of the observed patterns were also discussed.

Dr Frank Alcock is an Associate Professor of Political Science at New College of Florida where he serves as the Director of Environmental Studies and teaches courses on world politics, international law, climate change, marine policy and sustainable development. From February through May 2011 Frank will be a Senior Fulbright Scholar based at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand. Frank's Fulbright project involves research and lecturing on New Zealand's climate policies with an emphasis on their emissions trading system. Frank holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Duke University, a M.A. in International Affairs from George Washington University and a B.A. in Economics from Binghamton University. From 2000 to 2003 Frank was a Belfer Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Prior to obtaining his Ph.D. Frank spent five years as an international policy analyst/energy economist at the U.S. Department of Energy.


Seminar Friday 1 April 2011
The Role of public sector performance in economic growth - presented by Andrew Kibblewhite

Treasury Deputy Chief Executive Andrew Kibblewhite discussed how public sector performance affects New Zealand’s economic growth.

The nature of public sector expenditure matters just as much as the total level of spending, just as the type of taxes imposed to pay for spending matter as much as their total level. In short, the public sector needs to be sure it is doing the right things, in the right way, at the least cost.

Andrew Kibblewhite is Deputy Chief Executive of the Treasury. He started at the Treasury as a graduate analyst and over the years worked on environmental policy, public management, tax, the early 1990s health reforms, and public sector management. He has also worked as Director of the Policy Advisory Group in DPMC, run innovation policy at MoRST and had a brief stint as General Manager of R&D Operations at Industrial Research Limited. He has a BSc (Hons), a BCA in economics from Victoria and an MBA from Stanford.


Seminar Friday 25 March 2011
Aid and Growth: Should New Zealand Aid Focus on Economic Development? - presented by Terence Wood

In 2009 the National government changed the mandate of the New Zealand government aid programme. No longer would New Zealand aid have a core focus on poverty reduction, instead it was to be given to foster sustainable development, with the key means of doing this being promoting economic development. In this talk former NZAID staffer Terence Wood examined whether a focus on economic development really is the best possible way an aid agency can attempt to bring about development more generally. He looked at the links between economic growth and human development, and examined aid's track record to-date in promoting economic growth. IPS Senior Associate Geoff Bertram was a discussant for the talk.

Terence Wood is a PhD student at the Australian National University. Prior to commencing study he was a research analyst for the New Zealand Government aid programme.


Monday 21 February 2011 - The Costs of Crime: Toward Fiscal Responsibility

Hosted by Institute for Governance and Policy Studies and the Robson Hanan Trust

Crime causes much harm to individuals and society. It is also very costly for the state. These costs depend not only on the nature and level of crime, but also on how governments choose to respond. Some interventions, such as lengthy prison sentences, impose significant fiscal costs.

This forum has several aims. First, it will consider the available data, both from New Zealand and elsewhere, on the fiscal and other costs of crime, including policy measures to respond to crime. Second, it will identify the most cost-effective ways of responding to crime and addressing the harm it causes. A key focus will be on public expenditure in the criminal justice system. But other costs will also be considered, including those borne by non-governmental organisations, the victims and others who are affected.

Hon Simon Power Costs of crime in the public sector: government policy

Kim Workman The cost of public safety and who bears it

Audrey Sonerson and Paul O'Connell Setting the scene - a fiscal and public sector management perspective on the performance of the justice sector in New Zealand

Mike Bazett Value for money in the criminal justice system: lessons from the United Kingdom, opportunities for New Zealand

Tony Paine Counting the costs to victims of crime

Dr Gabrielle Maxwell Value for money in youth justice

Heather Henare and Kiri Hannifin Family violence

Andrew Butler Legal representation and fairness.

Professor Tony Ward 'Good Lives', prison and rehabilitation


Wednesday 16 February and Thursday 17 February 2011
Conference  - Resilience in the Pacific: Addressing the Critical Issues

Presented by the Institute for Governance and Policy Studies, Victoria University and the New Zealand Institute of International Affairs with support from the British High Commission

This symposium examined the key economic, social, environmental and political challenges facing the Pacific. It addressed the nature, relevance and implications of resilience. In particular, it considered economic development and environmental issues and progress and prospects for achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

Session 2: Addressing the Critical Issues
Samantha Cocco-Klein Voices of the Vulnerable: Monitoring Crises and Resilience
in the Pacific

Professor Graham Hassall The Challenge of Leadership: Sustaining Local, National,
Regional and Global Pacific Futures

Session 3: The Millennium Development Goals – Progress and Prospects
Carol Flore-Smereczniak The Millennium Development Goals: A Pacific Perspective
Professor John Overton Owning the MDGs: Aid and Development Policy in the Pacific

Session 4: Building Resilience in the Pacific
Sister Lorraine Garasu Resilience, Reconstruction, Reconciliation and Resources:
Rethinking Human Security

Session 5: Perspectives on Sustainable Economic Development
Amanda Ellis The Case for Sustainable Economic Development
Professor Biman Chand Prasad New Opportunities for Enhancing Sources of Economics Growth in the Pacific Islands
Dr Geoff Bertram Pacific Islands Development in Long-run Perspective

Session 6: Key Environmental Issues Facing the Pacific
David Sheppard Building Resilience to Climate Change in the Pacific: Key Challenges and Opportunities
Dr Adrian Macey Climate Change, Adaptation and Financing Issues


Wednesday 9 February - Seminar
Why we need public spending
A seminar presented by David Hall, Director, Public Services International Research Unit at the University of Greenwich (London)

David Hall is director of the Public Services International Research Unit (PSIRU) at the University of Greenwich (London). He specialises in water, energy and healthcare, and the design and maintenance of the PSIRU database and website. Before joining PSIRU he worked at the Public Services Privatisation Research Unit, which developed a database on privatisation for the UK trade unions. He had previously worked for trade union research units, and as a lecturer in higher education. He has written books on public expenditure and labour law.